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1 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE. 2 Positive Sentences Subject + have / has + verb3 (past participle) + … HOW TO FORM A PRESENT PERFECT?

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1 1 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

2 2 Positive Sentences Subject + have / has + verb3 (past participle) + … HOW TO FORM A PRESENT PERFECT?

3 3 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Verb3 (past participle) Regular watch - watched - watched live – lived - lived try – tried - tried ATTENTION: Don’t double –w and –x plan-planned-planned (tek hece) ? v1 v2 v3 REGULAR VERBS

4 4 IRREGULAR VERBS İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE come – came – come buy – bought - bought go – went - gone see – saw - seen v1 v2 v3

5 5 POSITIVE SENTENCES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I You We They He She It + have + past participle (verb3) + has + past participle (verb3)

6 6 She has painted the wall. EXAMPLES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE They have washed the car.

7 7 NEGATIVE SENTENCES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I You We They He She It + have not / haven’t + verb3… + has not / hasn’t + verb3…

8 8 I haven’t listened his new song yet. EXAMPLES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (JUST / ALREADY / YET)

9 9 It hasn’t rained since Friday. EXAMPLES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (JUST / ALREADY / YET)

10 10 QUESTION FORM İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I You We They + v3?Have + He She ıt + v3?Has + I You We They + v3? He She ıt + v3? Wh-, H- + have + Wh-, H- + has +

11 11 EXAMPLES İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Jessica: Have you ever been to Paris? Bob: Yes, I have been to Paris many times. Sema: How long have you been to Paris? İrem: I have been to Paris for two years.

12 12 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Geçmişte olan ama ne zaman olduğunun önemli olmadığı olaylarda kullanırız. WHY DO WE USE PRESENT PERFECT? We have bought a new car.

13 13 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Jennifer has never lived in Chicago. Deneyimlerden bahsederken kullanırız.(Genellikle never veya ever ile)

14 14 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE People have walked on the moon. Başarılar

15 15 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Geçmişte başlayıp bugün hala devam eden olaylardan bahsederken kullanırız. Ali and Susan have known each other for ages.

16 16 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE My English has improved since September. Değişimler

17 17 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Geçmişte başlamış ama yeni bitmiş olaylardan bahsederken kullanırız. Sarah has just eaten her apple.

18 18 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE She has cut her finger. Geçmişte olmuş fakat etkisi hala devam eden olaylarda kullanırız.

19 19 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE I’ve played the violin twice. Geçmişte bir çok kez yaptığımız ve hala yapmakta olduğumuz davranışlardan bahsederken kullanırız.

20 20 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE We haven’t watched TV this week. Henüz bitmemiş zaman kavramlarıyla kullanırız. (this month, this week, today)

21 21 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE EXERCISES 1-Have you ever …………… for your future? 2- She ….. been to England three times. 3- They …………… won a prize. They are very sad. 4- A: ……………. has she worked here? has planned How long haven’t How long – has - haven’t – planned - Which B: For thirteen years.

22 22 İNGİLİZCE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


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