... konulu sunumlar: "Ali can’t play basketball because he is short."— Sunum transkripti:
1 Ali can’t play basketball because he is short. Ali can’t play basketball, for he is short.Ali can’t play basketball since he is short.Ali can’t play basketball as he is short.Ali can’t play basketball because of his height.The plane couldn’t land because the weather was bad.The plane couldn’t land, for the weather was bad.The plane couldn’t land since the weather was bad.The plane couldn’t land as the weather was bad.The plane couldn’t land because of the bad weather.
2 Keep small objects out of reach Keep the door closed: kapıyı kapalı tutKeep your room tidy: odanı düzenli tutKeep small objects out of reachKüçük nesneleri ulaşılamayacak bir yerde tut
3 DON’T keep your room untidy. Keep your feet hot. Keep your room tidy.DON’T keep your room untidy.Keep your feet hot.DON’T keep your feet cold.You must keep your room tidy.Odanı düzenli tutmalısın.You must keep your feet hot.Ayaklarını sıcak tutmalısın.
4 You mustn’t feed animals in the zoo. You mustn’t tell lies. You mustn’t smoke.You mustn’t feed animals in the zoo.You mustn’t tell lies.You mustn’t drive without a licence.
5 MayMightCouldshouldVerb P R E S E N TN o wMay haveMight haveCould haveShould haveVerb P A S TYESTERDAY
6 Ali got a low mark.He might NOT have studied his lesson.He may NOT have studied his lesson.He could NOT have studied his lesson.Past tense / GEÇMİŞ ZAMANThe student was crying.He might have injured himself.Past tense/GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN
7 They didn’t eat the meat. It was too salty. She should have put LESS SALT on it.
8 Türkan has not felt herself well for an hour. She may eat something poisonous.Zehirli bir şey yiyebilir.She should have eaten something poisonous.Zehirli bir şey yemeliydi. (ama yemedi)She will have eaten something poisonous.Zehirli bir şey yemiş olacak.She might have eaten something poisonous.Zehirli bir şey yemiş olabilir.
9 SleepDon’t sleepNever sleepSmokeDon’t smokeNever smokeBe rudeDon’t be rudeNever be rudeWorkDon’t workNEVER workLearnDon’t learnNever learnDrive fastDon’t drive fastNever drive fast
10 AsWhileJust as- İken PAST CONTINUOUSAs they were leaving,While they were leaving,Just as they were leaving,WHEN they left,WHEN + SIMPLE PAST
11 U S E D TO + V1He used to runHe DID not USE to run.DID he USE to run?Koşardı.Koşmazdı.Koşar mıydı?
12 Have somebody do something Birisinden bir şey yapmasını RİCA etmekMake somebody do somethingBirisine ZORLA bir şey yaptırmakDo: yapmakForce: zorlamak
13 As: çünküSo: bu yüzdenTherefore: bu yüzdenJust as: -iken, (while)
14 Can do: yapabilirCan BE done: yapıLabilirCan love: sevebilirCan BE loved: seviLebilirCan wash: yıkayabilirCan BE washed: yıkaNabilirCan solve: çözebilirCan BE solved: çözÜLebilir
15 Eski alışkanlıklarımızı anlatmak için USED TO V1 yapısını kullanırız. He used to drink milk.I used to live in Karabük.We used to eat junk food.They used to use typewriters.
16 get somebody to do something “ikna” Make somebody do something “zorla” Get your child to sleepMake your child sleepÇocuğunu uyut “ikna ederek”Çocuğunu uyut “zorla”
17 How often: Hangi sıklıkta, ne kadar sık Always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, neverOnce, twice, three timeS, four timeSOnce a dayTwice a weekThree times a monthThree hours a night
18 How often do you go to the cinema? (always) I always go to the cinema. How often do you go to the cinema? (once a week)to the cinemaonce a week.I go to the cinema once a week.
19 The body needS to rest.We need to understand each otherWe need to drink enough water.
20 PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Was surfingnowis surfingAt this time yesterdaySörf yapıYORduPAST CONTINUOUSHad been surfingnowP a s tPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
21 PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Action FINISHEDPRESENT PERFECTHas surfednowAction CONTINUINGor finishedHas been surfingnowP a s tPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
22 carry out (v): uygula, yap Can carry: uygulayabilir, yapabilirCan BE carried: uygulaNabilir, yapILabilirWill carry out: uygulayacak, yapacakWill be CARRied OUT: uygulaNacak, yapILacakMust carry out: uygulamak zorunda, yapmak zorundaMust BE carrIED out: uygulaNmak zorundayapILmak zorunda
23 Scientists………………………………… (work) for ages. I ……………………………………. (teach) English for 19 years.She …………………………(prepared) the meal.It smells delicious.We …………………………….. (read) two books recently.Ali ………………………….. (eat) ten apples so far.have been workinghave been teachinghas preparedhave readhas eaten
25 Must do: yapmak zorunda Must have done: (kesinlikle) yapmış olmalı Can do: yapabilirMust do: yapmak zorundaMust have done: (kesinlikle) yapmış olmalıCould have done: (zayıf olasılık) yapmış olabilir
26 ThereforeTHUSsobu yüzden, bu sebepleHe didn’t study. Therefore, he failed.He didn’t study, so he failed.He didn’t study; THUS he failed.
27 There is no electricity. Therefore we can’t watch tv. There is no electricity, so we can’t watch tv.There is no electricity; THUS we can’t watch tv.
28 Since he is fat, he can’t run fast. As he is fat, he can’t run fast. He can’t run fast because he is fat.He can’t run fast, for he is fat.SinceAsBecauseforsentence