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UNIT FIFTEEN Health and Sports “GRAMMAR - Dilbilgisi” Have to / has to HAD TO Present (v1) past (v2)

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... konulu sunumlar: "UNIT FIFTEEN Health and Sports “GRAMMAR - Dilbilgisi” Have to / has to HAD TO Present (v1) past (v2)"— Sunum transkripti:

1 UNIT FIFTEEN Health and Sports “GRAMMAR - Dilbilgisi” Have to / has to HAD TO Present (v1) past (v2)

2 Have to / has to: Bir eylemin ZORUNLU veya gerekli olduğunu anlatır. -meli, -malı, -mek, -mak zorunda Yapma mecburiyeti vardır, kurallardan, kanunlardan kaynaklanan bir zorunluluk, "must" a göre daha kuvvetlidir. Must:-meli, -malı,-mek, -mak zorunda Yapma mecburiyeti yok, kişiye kalmış Kişiden kaynaklanan bir zorunluluk HAD TO: yapmak ZORUNDAYDI / GEÇMİŞ zaman

3 Present / Şimdiki zaman Past / Geçmiş zaman Fiilin 1.hali (v1) Fiilin 2.hali (v2) Have to – has to HAD TO Must HAD TO

4 HAVE TO-has to HAD TO (v2-past) He is ill. He HAS TO stay in hospital for a few days. “O hastadır.” “O birkaç gün hastanede kalmak zorundadır.” He was ill. He HAD TO stay in hospital for a few days. “O hastayDI. O birkaç gün hastanede kalmak zorunda kalDI.” “O hastayDI. O birkaç gün hastanede kalmak zorundayDI.”

5 My daughter has got a temperature TODAY. I HAVE TO stay at home with her. “Bugün kızımın ateşi var.” “Onunla evde kalmak zorundayım.” My daughter had a temperature yesterday. I HAD TO stay at home with her. “Dün kızımın ateşi varDI. Onunla birlikte evde kalmak zorunda kalDIm.”

6 My wife is out now. I have to look after the baby. “Eşim şimdi dışarıdadır.” “Bebeğe bakmak zorundayım.” My wife was out. I HAD TO look after the baby. “Eşim dışarıdayDI. Bebeğe bakmak zorunda kalDIm.” “Bebeğe bakmak zorundayDIm.”

7 It is rainy at the moment. “Şimdi hava yağmurludur.” We have to cancel the garden party. “Bahçe partisini iptal etmek zorundayız.” It was rainy yesterday. “Dün hava yağmurluyDU.” We HAD TO cancel the garden party. “Bahçe partisini iptal etmek zorunda kalDIk.” “Bahçe partisini iptal etmek zorundaydık.”

8 His marks are low this year “Bu yıl onun notları düşüktür.”. He has to study harder. “O daha sıkı çalışmak zorundadır.” His marks were low last term. “Geçen dönem onun notları düşükTÜ.” He HAD TO study harder. “Daha sıkı çalışmak zorunda kalDI.”

9 We have to leave early today. “Bugün erken ayrılmak zorundayız.” We HAD TO leave early yesterday. “Dün erken ayrılmak zorunda kalDIk.”

10 We have to go home before our father comeS. “Babamız gelmeden önce eve gitmek zorundayız.” We HAD TO go home before our father CAME. “Babamız eve gelmeden önce eve gitmek zorundayDIk.” “Babamız eve gelmeden önce eve gitmek zorunda kalDIk.”

11 We have to show our passports at the frontier. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman We HAD TO show our passports at the frontier. PAST / Geçmiş zaman We have to pay our taxes. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman We HAD TO pay our taxes. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

12 Soldiers have to shave every day. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman Soldiers HAD TO shave every day in those years. PAST / Geçmiş zaman They have to be present at the meeting. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman They HAD TO be present at the meeting then. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

13 A secretary has to know how to type. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman A secretary HAD TO know how to type in the past. PAST / Geçmiş zaman We have to work to eat. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman We HAD TO work to eat THEN. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

14 The students have to wear uniforms. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman The students HAD TO wear uniforms in the past. PAST / Geçmiş zaman The students have to send a report to their teacher every week. The students HAD TO send a report to their teacher every week THEN. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

15 He is late to the airport, she has to take a taxi. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman He was late to the airport. She HAD TO take a taxi. PAST / Geçmiş zaman I have to go to Oxford this month. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman I HAD TO go to Oxford last month. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

16 HAD TO (V2) yapmak ZORUNDAYDI / GEÇMİŞ zaman Have to (V1) has to (V1) HAD TO (V2) past / geçmiş zaman + Olumlu cümle, ? soru cümlesi, - olumsuz cümle

17 He HAD TO buy a ticket for the theatre. “had to-V2, yardımcı fiil DID” DID he HAVE TO buy a ticket for the theatre? “Cümlede DID yardımcı fiilini kullandığımız için fiilin 1.halini yazarız HAVE TO” He DID not HAVE TO buy a ticket for the theatre. “Cümlede DID yardımcı fiilini kullandığımız için fiilin 1.halini yazarız HAVE TO”

18 We HAD TO pass an exam to enter a university “Biz üniversiteye girmek için bir sınavı geçmek zorundayDIk.” DID we HAVE TO pass an exam to enter a university? We DIDn’t HAVE TO pass an exam to enter a university.

19 I HAD TO stay in bed. Because I was ill. DID you HAVE TO stay in bed? I DIDn’t HAVE TO stay in bed.

20 MUST ın da geçmiş zamandaki şekli HAD TO dur.

21 She must be at home at seven o’clock. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman She HAD TO be at home at seven o’clock. PAST / Geçmiş zaman We must stop smoking. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman We HAD TO stop smoking. PAST / Geçmiş zaman

22 A person must clean his room. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman A person HAD TO clean his room. PAST / Geçmiş zaman They must get up early. PRESENT / Şimdiki zaman They HAD TO get up early. PAST / Geçmiş zaman


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