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Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter 1 Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking.

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... konulu sunumlar: "Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter 1 Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking."— Sunum transkripti:

1 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter 1 Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking

2 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved 1.1 The Science of Statistics

3 1 - 3 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

4 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved 1.2 Types of Statistical Applications

5 1 - 5 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

6 1 - 6 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

7 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved 1.3 Fundamental Elements of Statistics

8 1 - 8 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

9 1 - 9 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

10 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

11 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

12 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

13 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

14 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

15 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

16 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved 1.4 Types of Data

17 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

18 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

19 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved 1.5 Collecting Data

20 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

21 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

22 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

23 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

24 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved The Role of Statistics in Critical Thinking and Ethics 1.6

25 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition

26 Definition (Bias/Yanlı-lık) Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. İngilizce: bias Türkçe: yanlı, yanlılık Açıklama: Genel anlamıyla, yargıyı, değerlendirmeyi etkileyen, ama etkilememesi gereken bir eğilim; önyargı. İstatistikte belli bir yöndeki hata; eksik veya popülasyonu temsil etmeyen bir örneklemden elde edilen verilerin hatalı, yanıltıcı bir sonuç verme eğilimi; gözlenen sonucun 'gerçek' sonuçtan sapma eğilimi; araştırmanın veya deneyin hatalı bir sonuç vermesine yol açan her türlü sistematik hata. Kişilik, zekâ, vb. gibi testlerin, belli kişilerin veya grupların diğerlerinden farklı bir sonuç vermesine yol açacak özellikler sergilemesi ve bu farklandırmanın, testin temel amacıyla alakasız olan özelliklerden kaynaklanması.

27 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition Türkçe: seçim yanlılığı Açıklama: Deney veya araştırma için seçilen örneğin, popülasyonu temsil etmemesinden, yani araştırmaya katılanların özelliklerinin, katılmayanlarınkinden sistematik olarak farklı olmasından kaynaklanan hatalar.

28 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition Sometimes, in survey sampling, individuals chosen for the sample are unwilling or unable to participate in the survey. Nonresponse bias is the bias that results when respondents differ in meaningful ways from nonrespondents. Nonresponse is often problem with mail surveys, where the response rate can be very low.bias

29 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.. All rights reserved. Definition Türkçe: ölçüm hatası Açıklama: Ölçümdeki yanlılıktan kaynaklanan sabit hatalar. Bu hataların nedeni ölçümde kullanılan hatalar, ölçümü yapan kişi veya denekler olabilir.


"Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter 1 Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking." indir ppt

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