1CONSOLIDATION birleşme, sağlamlaştırma, pekiştirme UNIT FOURCONSOLIDATIONbirleşme, sağlamlaştırma, pekiştirme
2Page: 23 CHOOSE THE BEST ONE Emergency services;AmbulanceFirePoliceEmergency numbers;112 ambulance110 fire155 police
3Keep your room tidy: odanı düzenli tut Keep your environment clean: çevreni temiz tutHomeYour homeAt your homeA telephone at your homeYour telephone at your homeOn your telephone: Telefonunuzda (kayıtlı)An accidentaccidentSAccidents at homeAccidents at your home
4Visible (adj): görülebilir, görünür INvisible (adj): görülemez, görünmezLocate (v): yerleştirmek, yerini saptamak, yerini keşfetmekSee: gör can see: görebilircan be seen: görüNebilirPaint: boya can paint: boyayabilircan be painted: boyanabilirWash: yıka can wash: yıkayabilirCan be washed: yıkaNabilir
5People dieD: İnsanlar öldü. Die (v): ölmekAli dieD: Ali öldü.People dieD: İnsanlar öldü.HundredS OF people died. YüzLERce insan öldü.thousandS of people: binlerce insaninjure (v): incitmek, yaralamak, zarar vermekAli has injured the animal.The animal has BEEN injured by Ali.
6They have painted the wall. The wall has BEEN paintED (by them). They paint the wall.The wall is painted.They paintED the wall.The wall WAS painted.They have painted the wall.The wall has BEEN paintED (by them).
7Emergency (n): acil durum In an emergency: acil bir durumda Out of reach: uzak, erişilmez, yetişilmezOut of reach OF children: çocuklarIN ulaşamayacağıStudents in the class: sınıftaki öğrencilerThe man at the door: kapıdaki adamChildren under three: üç yaşın altındaki çocuklarPeople over eighteen: on sekiz yaşından büyük kişiler
8Two yearS oldTwo – year – oldPolish (v): cilalamakMy two yearS old sonMy two – year- old sonHe polishES his car.
9He is vomitTing.The man is vomitTing.Vomit (v): kusmak, çıkarmak
22Nowadays: bu günlerde, günümüzde These days: Bu günlerdeRecently: geçenlerde, son zamanlarda, yakınlardaLately: son zamanlardaI ………………….. (read) a lot of bookS. (recently)She……………………………. (study) hard. (these days)have readhas been studying
23I used to run fast when I was a child. You used to swim then. Used to + V1Used to run: koşardıUsed to swim: yüzerdiUsed to live: otururduUsed to read: okurduI used to run fast when I was a child.You used to swim then.We used to share everything we had.She DIDn’t USE to drink milk.We DIDn’t USE to have a tv.DID you USE to run fast?DID she USE to drink milk?
24Birisine (somebody) bir şey (something) yaptırmak “Causative” Have somebody Do somethingMake somebody Do somethingGET somebody TO DO somethingAli’den arabayı yıkamasını RİCA etmek “ASK”Ali’ye arabayı ZORLA yıkatmak “FORCE”Ali’yi arabayı yıkamaya İKNA etmek “PERSUADE”Have Ali wash the car “ask”Make Ali wash the car “force”GET Ali TO WASH the car “persuade”
25Birisine (somebody) bir şey (something) yaptırmak “Causative” Have somebody Do something “rica”Make somebody Do something “zorla”GET somebody TO DO something “ikna”Leyla’ya odayı temizleTmekHave Leyla clean the room “rica”Make Leyla clean the room “zorla”Get Leyla TO CLEAN the room “ikna”
26“Okan’a çanta taşıtmak” “rica” Have Okan carry the bag “zorla” Make Okan carry the bag“ikna” Get Okan TO CARRY the bagArkadaşı Okan’dan çantayı taşımasını rica EDİYOR.Have Okan carry the bag (now)His friendis having Okancarry the bagnow.His friend is having Okan carry the bag now.
27Kardeşi Okan’ı çantayı taşımaya ikna etti. Get Okan TO CARRY the bag (yesterday)His brotherGOT OkanTO CARRY the bagyesterday.His brother GOT Okan TO CARRY the bag yesterday.
28Ongoing (adj): =continuing, devam eden Ongoing activities: devam eden faaliyetler, etkinliklerEverybody should keep their faces clean.Everybody should keep their environmet clean.Everybody should be honest to each other.
29While they were watching tv, While: -ikenI was running.While I was running,It was raining.While it was raining,They were watching tv.While they were watching tv,
30Come across (v): meet, encounter, karşılaşmak, -e rastlamak Carry out (v): yerine getirmek, uygulamakput into practice, performDiagnose (v): teşhis etmek, tanılamak, examine and IDENTIFYIn order toSo as toTopass your class, you should study hard.
32Donor (n): bağışçı, tıb. Verici Locate (v): (bir yerde) iskân etmek, yerleştirmek.2. yerini saptamak, yerini keşfetmek, bulmak.Can you LOCATE Ankara at the map?He SLIPs and FALLs.
33Go to bed late.Don’t go to bed late.Never go to bed late.Come hereDon’t come here.Never come here.Tell a lieDon’t tell a lieNever tell a lie
34I prefer: tercih ederim I prefer coffee.I prefer tea.I prefer coffee TO tea.
35You should keep your mouth closed. You should keep your room tidy. He should help the old.You should keep your mouth closed.You should keep your room tidy.You should keep your clothes clean.You should keep your feet hot.Yaşlılara yardım etmeli.Ağzını kapalı tutmalısın.Odanı düzenli tutmalısın.Elbiselerini temiz tutmalısın.Ayaklarını serin tutmalısın.
36Locate (v): yerleştirmek, yerini saptamak, bulmak Easy: kolay Easily: kolaycaCan easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (yapabilir)May easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (belki)Could easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (belki)Can easily BE located: yeri kolayca bulUNabilir
37Ali can’t come. He is ill. (because, since, as, due to) Ali can’t come because he is ill.Ali can’t come since he is ill.Ali can’t come as he is ill.Ali can’t come DUE TO his illness.Veli can’t walk. He is too young. (because, since, as, due to)Veli can’t walk because he is too young.Veli can’t walk since he is too young.Veli can’t walk as he is too young.Veli can’t walk DUE TO his age.
38Ali can’t buy the car because he is poor. SinceAsS e n t e n c e (cümle)Ali can’t buy the car because he is poor.Ali can’t buy the car since he is poor.Ali can’t buy the car as he is poor.Ali can’t buy the car DUE TO his poverty.Due toOwing toOn account ofN o u n (isim)Poverty: yoksulluk, fakirlik