UNIT FOUR CONSOLIDATION birleşme, sağlamlaştırma, pekiştirme
Page: 23 CHOOSE THE BEST ONE Emergency services; a.Ambulance b.Fire c.Police Emergency numbers; a.112 ambulance b.110 fire c.155 police
Keep your room tidy: odanı düzenli tut Keep your environment clean: çevreni temiz tut Home Your home At your home A telephone at your home Your telephone at your home On your telephone: Telefonunuzda (kayıtlı) An accident accidentS Accidents at home Accidents at your home
Visible (adj): görülebilir, görünür INvisible (adj): görülemez, görünmez Locate (v): yerleştirmek, yerini saptamak, yerini keşfetmek See: görcan see: görebilir can be seen: görüNebilir Paint: boyacan paint: boyayabilir can be painted: boyanabilir Wash: yıkacan wash: yıkayabilir Can be washed: yıkaNabilir
Die (v): ölmek Ali dieD: Ali öldü. People dieD: İnsanlar öldü. HundredS OF people died. YüzLERce insan öldü. thousandS of people: binlerce insan injure (v): incitmek, yaralamak, zarar vermek Ali has injured the animal. The animal has BEEN injured by Ali.
They paint the wall. The wall is painted. They paintED the wall. The wall WAS painted. They have painted the wall. The wall has BEEN paintED (by them).
Emergency (n): acil durum In an emergency: acil bir durumda Out of reach: uzak, erişilmez, yetişilmez Out of reach OF children: çocuklarIN ulaşamayacağı Students in the class: sınıftaki öğrenciler The man at the door: kapıdaki adam Children under three: üç yaşın altındaki çocuklar People over eighteen: on sekiz yaşından büyük kişiler
Two yearS old Two – year – old Polish (v): cilalamak He polishES his car. My two yearS old son My two – year- old son
The man is vomitTing. Vomit (v): kusmak, çıkarmak He is vomitTing.
Nowadays: bu günlerde, günümüzde These days: Bu günlerde Recently: geçenlerde, son zamanlarda, yakınlarda Lately: son zamanlarda I ………………….. (read) a lot of bookS. (recently) She……………………………. (study) hard. (these days) have read has been studying
Used to + V1 Used to run: koşardı Used to swim: yüzerdi Used to live: otururdu Used to read: okurdu I used to run fast when I was a child. You used to swim then. We used to share everything we had. She DIDn’t USE to drink milk. We DIDn’t USE to have a tv. DID you USE to run fast? DID she USE to drink milk?
Birisine (somebody) bir şey (something) yaptırmak “Causative” Have somebody Do something Make somebody Do something GET somebody TO DO something RİCAASK Ali’den arabayı yıkamasını RİCA etmek “ASK” ZORLAFORCE Ali’ye arabayı ZORLA yıkatmak “FORCE” İKNAPERSUADE Ali’yi arabayı yıkamaya İKNA etmek “PERSUADE” Have Ali wash the car “ask” Make Ali wash the car “force” GET Ali TO WASH the car “persuade”
Birisine (somebody) bir şey (something) yaptırmak “Causative” Have somebody Do something “rica” Make somebody Do something “zorla” GET somebody TO DO something “ikna” Leyla’ya odayı t tt temizleTmek Have Leyla clean the room “rica” Make Leyla clean the room “zorla” Get Leyla TO CLEAN the room “ikna”
“Okan’a çanta taşıtmak” “rica” Have Okan carry the bag “zorla” Make Okan carry the bag “ikna” Get Okan TO CARRY the bag Arkadaşı Okan’dan çantayı taşımasını rica EDİYOR. Have Okan carry the bag (now) His friend is having Okan carry the bag now. His friend is having Okan carry the bag now.
Kardeşi Okan’ı çantayı taşımaya ikna etti. Get Okan TO CARRY the bag (yesterday) His brother GOT Okan TO CARRY the bag yesterday. His brother G GG GOT Okan TO CARRY the bag y yy yesterday.
Ongoing (adj): =continuing, devam eden Ongoing activities: devam eden faaliyetler, etkinlikler Everybody should keep their faces clean. Everybody should keep their environmet clean. Everybody should be honest to each other.
While: -iken I was running. While I was running, It was raining. While it was raining, They were watching tv. While they were watching tv,
Come across (v): meet, encounter, karşılaşmak, -e rastlamak Carry out (v): yerine getirmek, uygulamak put into practice, perform Diagnose (v): teşhis etmek, tanılamak, examine and IDENTIFY In order to So as to To pass your class, you should study hard.
Donor (n): bağışçı, tıb. Verici Locate (v): (bir yerde) iskân etmek, yerleştirmek. 2. yerini saptamak, yerini keşfetmek, bulmak. Can you LOCATE Ankara at the map? He SLIPs and FALLs.
Go to bed late. Don’t go to bed late. Never go to bed late. Come here Don’t come here. Never come here. Tell a lie Don’t tell a lie Never tell a lie
I prefer: tercih ederim I prefer coffee. I prefer tea. I prefer coffee TO tea.
He should help the old. You should keep your mouth closed. You should keep your room tidy. You should keep your clothes clean. You should keep your feet hot. Yaşlılara yardım etmeli. Ağzını kapalı tutmalısın. Odanı düzenli tutmalısın. Elbiselerini temiz tutmalısın. Ayaklarını serin tutmalısın.
Locate (v): yerleştirmek, yerini saptamak, bulmak Easy: kolay Easily: kolayca Can easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (yapabilir) May easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (belki) Could easily locate: yeri kolayca bulabilir (belki) Can easily BE located: yeri kolayca bulUNabilir
Ali can’t come. He is ill. (because, since, as, due to) Ali can’t come because he is ill. Ali can’t come since he is ill. Ali can’t come as he is ill. Ali can’t come DUE TO his illness. Veli can’t walk. He is too young. (because, since, as, due to) Veli can’t walk because he is too young. Veli can’t walk since he is too young. Veli can’t walk as he is too young. Veli can’t walk DUE TO his age.
Because Since As S e n t e n c e (cümle) Ali can’t buy the car because he is poor. Ali can’t buy the car since he is poor. Ali can’t buy the car as he is poor. Ali can’t buy the car DUE TO his poverty. Poverty: yoksulluk, fakirlik Due to Owing to On account of N o u n (isim)