Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz

Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz

Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları ve Işınım Kaynaklarının Dünyadaki Durumu ve Genel Kullanım Alanları Prof. Dr. Ömer YAVAŞ Ankara Üniversitesi Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri.

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... konulu sunumlar: "Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları ve Işınım Kaynaklarının Dünyadaki Durumu ve Genel Kullanım Alanları Prof. Dr. Ömer YAVAŞ Ankara Üniversitesi Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri."— Sunum transkripti:

1 Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları ve Işınım Kaynaklarının Dünyadaki Durumu ve Genel Kullanım Alanları Prof. Dr. Ömer YAVAŞ Ankara Üniversitesi Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri Enstitüsü UPHDYO - VIII Eylül 2012 / Bodrum 1Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

2 2 21. Yüzyılın Jenerik Teknolojileri  Parçacık Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri 21. yüzyıla yön veren yaklaşık 10 jenerik teknolojiden birisidir.  Uzay Teknolojileri, Nükleer Teknoloji, Biyoteknoloji, Nanoteknoloji, İletişim Teknolojileri, Malzeme Teknolojileri, Enerji Teknolojileri diğer jenerik teknolojiler olarak sayılabilir.

3 3Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Hızlandırıcıların Kullanımı  Parçacık Fiziği  Nükleer Fizik  İkincil Demetler  Nötron Kaynağı  Sinkrotron Işınımı  Serbest Elektron Lazeri  İyon İmplantasyonu  Radyoterapi, Nükleer Tıp,  Malzeme Bilimi  Yarı İletkenler  Gıda Mühendisliği  Kimya  Biyoloji  Jeoloji  Arkeoloji  Savunma sanayii  Maden Sanayii  Enerji Üretimi (EA) ~300 Alt Alan...

4 4Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Hızlandırıcı Teknolojilerinin Dünyadaki Dağılımı CEA Orsay KEK LANL INFN Legnaro INFN Genoa INFN Milan TU Darmstadt Peking University Australian National University JLab High Gradient JLab CERN ANL FNAL CEA Saclay DESY/TESLA CESR Center for Advanced Technology, Indore

5 5Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum ABD’de Durum  Ulusal Araştırma Merkezleri (Fermilab, SLAC, Argonne, Brookhaven, LosAlamos, Berkeley, Jefferson, Oak Ridge) (Fermilab, SLAC, Argonne, Brookhaven, LosAlamos, Berkeley, Jefferson, Oak Ridge) (Herbirinin yıllık bütçesi: ~ 300 Milyon USD) (Herbirinin yıllık bütçesi: ~ 300 Milyon USD)  Onlarca hızlandırıcı laboratuvarı ve projesi  Gelecek 25 Yılda 25 dev projeden 17’si doğrudan hızlandırıcı teknolojilerine dayalı (2025’e kadar) (Teknoloji Geliştirme, Enerji, Güvenlik, İletişim v.b. alanlarda) (Teknoloji Geliştirme, Enerji, Güvenlik, İletişim v.b. alanlarda)

6 6Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum ABD’deki Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri

7 7Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Avrupa’da Durum  Ulusal Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri (DESY, SRS, RAL, 4GLS, CI, PSI, INFN, GSI v.b.)  Avrupa Nükleer Araştırma Merkezi (CERN, Cenevre, İsviçre, Dünya’nın en büyüğü) (CERN, Cenevre, İsviçre, Dünya’nın en büyüğü) - Avrupadaki Belli Başlı 3. Nesil Sinkrotron Işınımı Tesisleri: - Avrupadaki Belli Başlı 3. Nesil Sinkrotron Işınımı Tesisleri:  ESRF (Grenoble, Fransa)  ELETTRA (Trieste, İtalya)  HASSYLAB (Hamburg, Germany)  ALBA (Barcelona, Spain)  DIAMOND (Oxford, England)  SOLEIL (Paris, France)  SLS (Villigen, Switzerland)

8 8Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Avrupa’da Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri

9 9Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Avrupa Nükleer Araştırmalar Merkezi  CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research Cenevre-İsviçre

10 10Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum CERN Fransa İsviçre CENEVRE LHC SPS Airport Large Hadron Collider (LHC), Çevresi 27 km, Yerin 100 m altında, proton-proton çarpıştırıcısı, 2008’de çalışacak, 4 büyük dedektör (deney) mevcut, Türkiye ikisinde (ATLAS, CMS) yer alıyor.

11 11Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum 17 Aralık 2010’da CERN Konseyi Türkiye’nin tam üyelik adaylığını onayladı. Üyelik sürecinin 3-4 yıl içinde tamamlanması bekleniyor.

12 12Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum CERN’e Üye Ülkeler (20)  Kurucu ülkeler: Belçika, Almanya, Danimarka, Fransa, Hollanda, İngiltere, İsviçre, İsveç, İtalya, Norveç, Yunanistan, Yugoslavya  Sonradan üye olan ülkeler: Avusturya, İspanya, Portekiz, Finlandiya, Polonya, Macaristan, Çek Cumhuriyeti, Slovak Cumhuriyeti, Bulgaristan  Tam adaylığa aday ülkeler: Türkiye, İsrail, Sırbistan, Slovenya, Güney Kıbrıs Türkiye, İsrail, Sırbistan, Slovenya, Güney Kıbrıs  Gözlemci ülkeler ve kuruluşlar: A.B.D., Rusya, Türkiye, Hindistan, Japonya, İsrail, Mısır, Rusya, AB Komisyonu, UNESCO

13 13Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum CERN 2012  LHC Çalışıyor  Proton-proton (pp) collider C= 27 km, Ecm=7 (14) TeV, L=10^(34) C= 27 km, Ecm=7 (14) TeV, L=10^(34) LHC üzerindeki Dedektörler ATLASCMSALICELHC-B

14 14Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

15 15Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

16 16Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

17 17Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

18 18Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Japonya’da Durum  TSUKUBA Bilim Kenti (1962)  Büyük ölçekli Bilim Kentleri  KEK (Japon Yüksek Enerji Fiziği Araştırmaları Enstitüsü). Tsukuba’nın en büyük enstitüsü.  JAERI (Atom Enerjisi Kurumu) Laboratuvarları ve Projeleri  Üniversitelerin Hızlandırıcı Laboratuvarları (Sadece Osaka Üniversitesinde 5 Hızlandırıcı) (Sadece Osaka Üniversitesinde 5 Hızlandırıcı)

19 19Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Japonya’da Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri KEK (Tsukuba) ve Diğerleri

20 20Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Tsukuba Bilim Kenti, Japonya ~ 40 Enstitü, 4 Üniversite Japon Modeli

21 21Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Dünyadaki Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri Merkezlerin Kıtalara Göre Dağılımı ve İsimleri Remark: This is not a list of high-energy physics experiments or laboratories, but a list of particle accelerators and accelerator laboratories.

22 Europe  AGOR Accelerateur Groningen-ORsay, KVI Groningen, Netherlands ALBA Synchrotron Light Facility (under construction), Barcelona, Spain ANKA Ångströmquelle Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany (Forschungsgruppe Synchrotronstrahlung (FGS)) BESSY Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft für Synchrotronstrahlung, Germany CERI Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches par Irradiation C.N.R.S, Orléans, France CERN Centre Europeen de Recherche Nucleaire, Geneva, Suisse (LHC, PS- Division, SL-Division) CMAM Centro de Microanálisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain COSY Cooler Synchrotron, IKP, FZ Jülich, Germany (COSY Status) CYCLONE Cyclotron of Louvain la Neuve, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium DELTA Dortmunder ELekTronenspeicherring-Anlage, Zentrum für Synchrotronstrahlung der Technischen Universität Dortmund, Germany DESY Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany (XFEL, PETRA III, FLASH, ILC, PITZ) ELBE ELectron source with high Brilliance and low Emittance, Forschungszentrum Dresden - Rossendorf e.V. (FZD), Germany ELETTRA AREA Science Park, Trieste, Italy ELSA Electron Stretcher Accelerator, Bonn University, Germany (ELSA status) ESRF European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France GANIL Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds, Caen, France (GANIL, SPIRAL2) GSI Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany AGORKVIALBAANKAForschungsgruppe Synchrotronstrahlung (FGS) BESSYCERICERNLHCPS- DivisionSL-DivisionCMAMCOSYIKPFZ JülichCOSY StatusCYCLONEDELTADESYXFEL, PETRA III, FLASH, ILC, PITZELBE Forschungszentrum Dresden - Rossendorf e.V. (FZD)ELETTRAELSA statusESRFGANIL SPIRAL2GSI AGORKVIALBAANKAForschungsgruppe Synchrotronstrahlung (FGS) BESSYCERICERNLHCPS- DivisionSL-DivisionCMAMCOSYIKPFZ JülichCOSY StatusCYCLONEDELTADESYXFEL, PETRA III, FLASH, ILC, PITZELBE Forschungszentrum Dresden - Rossendorf e.V. (FZD)ELETTRAELSA statusESRFGANIL SPIRAL2GSI 22Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

23 Europe (cont.)  HISKP Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn, Germany (Isochron Cyclotron) IHEP Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Moscow region, Russian Federation INFN Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy, LNF - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (DAFNE, DAFNE beam test facility) LNL - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (Tandem, CN Van de Graaff, AN 2000 Van de Graaff), LNS - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, (Superconducting Cyclotron) ISA Institute for Storage Ring Facilities (ASTRID, ASTRID2, ELISA), Aarhus, Denmark ISIS Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, U.K. JINR Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russian Federation (U-400, U-400M, LHE Synchrophasotron / Nuclotron) JYFL Jyväskylän Yliopiston Fysiikan Laitos, Jyväskylä, Finland MLL Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium: Accelerator of LMU and TU Muenchen, Munich, Germany MAMI Mainzer Microtron, Universität Mainz, Germany MAX-Lab Lund University, Sweden MPI-HD Max Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany MIC Microanalytical center at JSI, Ljubljana, Slovenia MSL Manne Siegbahn Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden (CRYRING) PITZ Photo Injector Test facility at DESY in Zeuthen, Germany RUBION Zentrale Einrichtung für Ionenstrahlen und Radionuklide, Universität Bochum, Germany S-DALINAC Superconducting Darmstadt linear accelerator, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany SLS Paul Scherrer Institut PSI, Villigen, Switzerland SRS Synchrotron Radiation Source, Daresbury Laboratory, Daresbury, U.K. (Closed since Aug. 18th, 2008) TSL The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala University, Sweden HISKPIsochron Cyclotron)IHEPINFNLNFDAFNE beam test facilityLNLTandemCN Van de GraaffAN 2000 Van de GraaffLNSSuperconducting Cyclotron ISAASTRIDASTRID2ELISAISISRutherford Appleton LaboratoryJINRU-400U-400MLHE Synchrophasotron / NuclotronJYFLMLLLMUTU MuenchenMAMIUniversität MainzMAX-LabMPI-HDMICMicroanalytical center at JSIMSLPITZRUBIONUniversität BochumS-DALINACTechnische Universität DarmstadtSLSPaul Scherrer Institut PSISRSTSL HISKPIsochron Cyclotron)IHEPINFNLNFDAFNE beam test facilityLNLTandemCN Van de GraaffAN 2000 Van de GraaffLNSSuperconducting Cyclotron ISAASTRIDASTRID2ELISAISISRutherford Appleton LaboratoryJINRU-400U-400MLHE Synchrophasotron / NuclotronJYFLMLLLMUTU MuenchenMAMIUniversität MainzMAX-LabMPI-HDMICMicroanalytical center at JSIMSLPITZRUBIONUniversität BochumS-DALINACTechnische Universität DarmstadtSLSPaul Scherrer Institut PSISRSTSL 23Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

24 North America  88" Cycl. 88-Inch Cyclotron, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), Berkeley, CA ALS Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), Berkeley, CA (ALS Status) ANL Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, IL (Advanced Photon Source APS, Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System ATLAS) BATES Bates Linear Accelerator Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (AGS, ATF, NSLS, RHIC) CAMD Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, Louisiana State University CENPA Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, University of Washington, USA CESR Cornell Electron-positron Storage Ring, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY CHESS Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY CLS Canadian Light Source, U of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada CNL Crocker Nuclear Laboratory, University of California Davis, CA FNAL Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (Tevatron) FSU John D. Fox Superconducting Accelerator Laboratory, Florida State University, USA IAC Idaho accelerator center, Pocatello, Idaho ININ National Institute for Nuclear Research, Mexico ISNAP Institute for Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics, Notre Dame University, USA IUCF Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, Indiana JLab aka TJNAF, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (formerly known as CEBAF), Newport News, VA LAC Louisiana Accelerator Center, U of Louisiana at Lafayette, Louisiana 88" Cycl.88-Inch CyclotronLBLALSLBLALS StatusANL APSATLASBATESBNLAGSATFNSLSRHICCAMDCENPA CESRCHESSCornell UniversityCLSU of SaskatchewanCNLUniversity of California DavisFNALTevatronFSUIACININISNAPIUCFJLabLAC 88" Cycl.88-Inch CyclotronLBLALSLBLALS StatusANL APSATLASBATESBNLAGSATFNSLSRHICCAMDCENPA CESRCHESSCornell UniversityCLSU of SaskatchewanCNLUniversity of California DavisFNALTevatronFSUIACININISNAPIUCFJLabLAC 24Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

25 North America  LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory MIBL Michigan Ion Beam Laboratory, University of Michigan NSCL National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee, OUAL John E. Edwards Accelerator Laboratory, Ohio University, USA PBPL Particle Beam Physics Lab (Neptune-Laboratory, PEGASUS - Photoelectron Generated Amplified Spontaneous Radition Source) SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, (SLC - SLAC Linear electron positron Collider, SSRL - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory) SNS Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge, Tennessee SRC Synchrotron Radiation Center, U of Wisconsin - Madison SURF III Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland TAMU Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, USA TRIUMF Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vancouver, BC (Canada) TUNL Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, USA UMASS University of Massachusetts Lowell Radiation Laboratory, USA UNAM Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico WMU Van de Graaff Accelerator at the Physics Department of the Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan WNSL Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, USA LANLMIBLNSCLORNLOUAL PBPLNeptunePEGASUSSLACSLCSSRLSNSSRCSURF IIINISTTAMUTRIUMFTUNLUMASSUNAMWMUWestern Michigan University WNSL LANLMIBLNSCLORNLOUAL PBPLNeptunePEGASUSSLACSLCSSRLSNSSRCSURF IIINISTTAMUTRIUMFTUNLUMASSUNAMWMUWestern Michigan University WNSL 25Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

26 South America  LNLS Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, Campinas SP, Brazil LNLS  TANDAR Tandem Accelerator, Buenos Aires, Argentina TANDAR 26Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

27 Asia  BEPC Beijing Electron-Positron Collider, Beijing, China HLS Hefei Light Source, Univ. of Science & Technology of China, Hefei city, China INDUS Centre for Advanced Technology CAT, INDORE, India KEK National Laboratory for High Energy Physics ("Koh-Ene-Ken"), Tsukuba, Japan (KEK-B, 12 GeV proton synchrotron) NSC Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi, India (15 UD Pelletron Accelerator) PLS Pohang Light Source, Pohang, Korea RIKEN Institute of Physical and Chemical Research ("Rikagaku Kenkyusho"), Hirosawa, Wako, Japan SESAME Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East, Jordan (under construction) SPring-8 Super Photon ring - 8 GeV, Japan SRRC Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, Taiwan VECC Variable Energy Cyclotron, Calcutta, India BINP Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia (VEPP-3, VEPP-4M, VEPP-2000) BEPCHLSINDUSCATKEKKEK-B12 GeV proton synchrotronNSC15 UD Pelletron AcceleratorPLSRIKEN SESAMESPring-8SRRCVECCBINPVEPP-3VEPP-4MVEPP-2000 BEPCHLSINDUSCATKEKKEK-B12 GeV proton synchrotronNSC15 UD Pelletron AcceleratorPLSRIKEN SESAMESPring-8SRRCVECCBINPVEPP-3VEPP-4MVEPP-2000  AFRİCA: NAC National Accelerator Centre, Cape Town, South Africa NAC  AUSTRALİA: AS Australian Synchotron, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia AS 27Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

28 28Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Dünyadaki Hızlandırıcı Merkezleri Kullanılan Parçacığa ve Hızlandırıcı Tipine Göre Dağılım Remark: This is not a list of high-energy physics experiments or laboratories, but a list of particle accelerators and accelerator laboratories.

29 Elektron Hızlandırıcıları  Electron Beam Facilities  ELSA (Bonn U), JLab, MAMI (Mainz U), MAX-Lab, SLAC ELSABonn UJLabMAMIMainz UMAX-LabSLAC ELSABonn UJLabMAMIMainz UMAX-LabSLAC TAC-TARLA (Gölbaşı, Ankara, Turkey) (Kurulmakta!...) TAC-TARLA (Gölbaşı, Ankara, Turkey) (Kurulmakta!...)  Synchrotron Light Sources, Storage Rings  ALBA, ANKA (FZK), ALS (LBL), APS (ANL), AS, ASTRID (ISA), ASTRID2 (ISA), BESSY, CAMD (LSU), CHESS (Cornell Wilson Lab), CLS (U of Saskatchewan), DELTA (U of Dortmund), ELBE (FZD), Elettra, ELISA (ISA), ELSA (Bonn U), ESRF, HASYLAB (DESY), HLS, INDUS (CAT), MAX-Lab, LNLS, NSLS, PLS, SESAME, SLS (PSI), SPEAR (SSRL, SLAC), SPring-8, SRC (U of Wisconsin), SRRC, SURF III (NIST), TUNL ALBAANKAFZKALSLBLAPSANLASASTRIDISA ASTRID2ISABESSYCAMDLSUCHESSCornell Wilson LabCLSU of SaskatchewanDELTAU of DortmundELBEFZDElettra ELISAISAELSABonn UESRFHASYLABDESYHLSINDUSCATMAX-LabLNLSNSLSPLSSESAMESLSPSISPEARSSRL SLACSPring-8SRCU of WisconsinSRRCSURF IIINISTTUNL ALBAANKAFZKALSLBLAPSANLASASTRIDISA ASTRID2ISABESSYCAMDLSUCHESSCornell Wilson LabCLSU of SaskatchewanDELTAU of DortmundELBEFZDElettra ELISAISAELSABonn UESRFHASYLABDESYHLSINDUSCATMAX-LabLNLSNSLSPLSSESAMESLSPSISPEARSSRL SLACSPring-8SRCU of WisconsinSRRCSURF IIINISTTUNL  Other  BATES, IAC, Neptune, PEGASUS, PITZ, S-DALINAC, UNAM, WMU BATESIACNeptunePEGASUSPITZS-DALINACUNAMWMU BATESIACNeptunePEGASUSPITZS-DALINACUNAMWMU 29Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

30 Proton Hızlandırıcıları  88" Cyclotron (LBL), 88" CyclotronLBL 88" CyclotronLBL  CERI, CERI  CNL (UC DAVIS), CNLUC DAVIS CNLUC DAVIS  COSY (FZ Jülich), COSYFZ Jülich COSYFZ Jülich  ININ, ININ  ISIS, ISIS  IUCF, IUCF  KEK, KEK  LHC (CERN), PS (CERN), SPS (CERN), LHCCERNPSCERNSPSCERN LHCCERNPSCERNSPSCERN  NAC, NAC  PSI, PSI  RHIC (BNL), RHICBNL RHICBNL  TRIUMF, TRIUMF  TSL TSL  TAC PA (1-3 GeV Proton Accelerator) (Proje aşamasında!) 30Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

31 Light and Heavy Ions  88" Cyclotron (LBL), AGOR, ASTRID (ISA), CENPA, CMAM, CNL (UC DAVIS), ATLAS (ANL), CERI, CRYRING (MSL), CYCLONE, GANIL, GSI, HISKP, ININ, ISNAP, IUCF, JYFL, LAC, LHC (CERN), LHE Synchrophasotron / Nuclotron (JINR), LNL (INFN), LNS (INFN), Maier-Leibnitz- Laboratorium, MIBL, MIC, MPI-HD, NAC, NSC, ORNL, OUAL, PSI, RHIC (BNL), RUBION, SNS, SPS (CERN), TAMU, TANDAR, TSL, TUNL, U-400 / U-400M (JINR), UMASS, UNAM, VECC 88" CyclotronLBLAGORASTRIDISA CENPACMAMCNLUC DAVISATLASANLCERICRYRING (MSL)CYCLONE GANILGSIHISKPININISNAPIUCF JYFLLACLHCCERNLHE Synchrophasotron / NuclotronJINRLNL (INFN)LNS (INFN)Maier-Leibnitz- LaboratoriumMIBLMICMPI-HDNACNSC ORNLOUALPSIRHICBNLRUBION SNSSPSCERNTAMUTANDARTSL TUNLU-400U-400MJINRUMASS UNAMVECC 88" CyclotronLBLAGORASTRIDISA CENPACMAMCNLUC DAVISATLASANLCERICRYRING (MSL)CYCLONE GANILGSIHISKPININISNAPIUCF JYFLLACLHCCERNLHE Synchrophasotron / NuclotronJINRLNL (INFN)LNS (INFN)Maier-Leibnitz- LaboratoriumMIBLMICMPI-HDNACNSC ORNLOUALPSIRHICBNLRUBION SNSSPSCERNTAMUTANDARTSL TUNLU-400U-400MJINRUMASS UNAMVECC 31Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

32 Colliders (e+e-, pp, Au-Au etc.)  BEPC, BEPC  CESR, CESR  DAFNE (LNF), DAFNELNF DAFNELNF  LHC (CERN), LHCCERN LHCCERN  RHIC (BNL), RHICBNL RHICBNL  SLC (SLAC), SLCSLAC SLCSLAC  TESLA (DESY), TESLADESY TESLADESY  Tevatron (FNAL), TevatronFNAL TevatronFNAL  VEPP-3, VEPP-3  VEPP-4M, VEPP-4M  VEPP-2000 (BINP) VEPP-2000BINP VEPP-2000BINP  TAC PF (e+e- collider, charm factory) (Proje aşamasında!) 32Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

33 Dünyadaki Hızlandırıcıya Dayalı Işınım Kaynağı Laboratuvarları Synchrotron Radiation & Free Electron Lasers Kaynak:

34 34Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Dünyadaki Sinkrotron Işınımı Tesislerinin Dağılımı

35 Amerika Kıtası  ALS - Advanced Light Source, USA  ALS - Advanced Light Source, USA ALS - Advanced Light Source ALS - Advanced Light Source  APS - Advanced Photon Source, USA  APS - Advanced Photon Source, USA APS - Advanced Photon Source APS - Advanced Photon Source  CAMD - Center for Advanced Microstructures & Devices, USA  CAMD - Center for Advanced Microstructures & Devices, USA CAMD - Center for Advanced Microstructures & Devices CAMD - Center for Advanced Microstructures & Devices  CHESS - Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, USA  CHESS - Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, USA CHESS - Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source CHESS - Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source  CLS - Canadian Light Source, Canada  CLS - Canadian Light Source, Canada CLS - Canadian Light Source CLS - Canadian Light Source  CTST - UCSB Center for Terahertz Science and Technology, USA  CTST - UCSB Center for Terahertz Science and Technology, USA CTST - UCSB Center for Terahertz Science and Technology CTST - UCSB Center for Terahertz Science and Technology  DFELL - Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory, USA  DFELL - Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory, USA DFELL - Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory DFELL - Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory  Jlab - Jefferson Lab, USA  Jlab - Jefferson Lab, USA Jlab - Jefferson Lab Jlab - Jefferson Lab  LCLS - Linac Coherent Light Source, USA  LCLS - Linac Coherent Light Source, USA LCLS - Linac Coherent Light Source LCLS - Linac Coherent Light Source  LNLS - Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, Brazil  LNLS - Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, Brazil LNLS - Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron LNLS - Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron  NSLS - National Synchrotron Light Source, USA NSLS - National Synchrotron Light Source NSLS - National Synchrotron Light Source  SRC - Synchrotron Radiation Center, USA  SRC - Synchrotron Radiation Center, USA SRC - Synchrotron Radiation Center SRC - Synchrotron Radiation Center  SSRL - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, USA  SSRL - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, USA SSRL - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource SSRL - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  SURF - Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility, USA  SURF - Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility, USA SURF - Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility SURF - Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility  VU FEL - W. M. Keck Vanderbilt Free-electron Laser Center, USA VU FEL - W. M. Keck Vanderbilt Free-electron Laser Center VU FEL - W. M. Keck Vanderbilt Free-electron Laser Center 35Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

36 Asya Kıtası  BSRF - Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, China  BSRF - Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, China BSRF - Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility BSRF - Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility  CANDLE, Armenia  CANDLE, Armenia CANDLE  HSRC - Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Japan  HSRC - Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Japan HSRC - Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center HSRC - Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center  iFEL - Institute of Free Electron Laser, Japan  iFEL - Institute of Free Electron Laser, Japan iFEL - Institute of Free Electron Laser iFEL - Institute of Free Electron Laser  INDUS 1/INDUS 2, India  INDUS 1/INDUS 2, India INDUS 1/INDUS 2 INDUS 1/INDUS 2  IR FEL Research Center - FEL-SUT, Japan  IR FEL Research Center - FEL-SUT, Japan IR FEL Research Center - FEL-SUT IR FEL Research Center - FEL-SUT  Medical Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan  Medical Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan Medical Synchrotron Radiation Facility Medical Synchrotron Radiation Facility  Nano-Hana, Japan  Nano-Hana, Japan  NSRL - National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, China  NSRL - National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, China NSRL - National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory NSRL - National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory  NSRRC - National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan  NSRRC - National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan NSRRC - National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center NSRRC - National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center  NUSRC - Nagoya University Synchrotron radiation Research Center, Japan  NUSRC - Nagoya University Synchrotron radiation Research Center, Japan NUSRC - Nagoya University Synchrotron radiation Research Center NUSRC - Nagoya University Synchrotron radiation Research Center  KSR - Nuclear Science Research Facility, Japan  KSR - Nuclear Science Research Facility, Japan KSR - Nuclear Science Research Facility KSR - Nuclear Science Research Facility  PAL - Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Korea PAL - Pohang Accelerator Laboratory PAL - Pohang Accelerator Laboratory 36Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

37 Asya Kıtası  PF - Photon Factory, KEK, Japan  PF - Photon Factory, KEK, Japan PF - Photon Factory PF - Photon Factory  Ritsumeikan University (Rits) Synchrotron Radiation Center, Japan  Ritsumeikan University (Rits) Synchrotron Radiation Center, Japan Ritsumeikan University (Rits) Synchrotron Radiation Center Ritsumeikan University (Rits) Synchrotron Radiation Center  SAGA-LS - Saga Light Source, Japan  SAGA-LS - Saga Light Source, Japan SAGA-LS - Saga Light Source SAGA-LS - Saga Light Source  SLRI - Synchrotron Light Research Institute, Thailand  SLRI - Synchrotron Light Research Institute, Thailand SLRI - Synchrotron Light Research Institute SLRI - Synchrotron Light Research Institute  SPring-8, Japan  SPring-8, Japan SPring-8  SSLS - Singapore Synchrotron Light Source, Singapore  SSLS - Singapore Synchrotron Light Source, Singapore SSLS - Singapore Synchrotron Light Source SSLS - Singapore Synchrotron Light Source  SSRC - Siberian Synchrotron Research Center, Russian Federation  SSRC - Siberian Synchrotron Research Center, Russian Federation SSRC - Siberian Synchrotron Research Center SSRC - Siberian Synchrotron Research Center  SSRF - Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, P.R. China  SSRF - Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, P.R. China SSRF - Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility SSRF - Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility  SuperSOR - SuperSOR Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan  SuperSOR - SuperSOR Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan SuperSOR - SuperSOR Synchrotron Radiation Facility SuperSOR - SuperSOR Synchrotron Radiation Facility  TSRF - Tohoku Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan  TSRF - Tohoku Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Japan TSRF - Tohoku Synchrotron Radiation Facility TSRF - Tohoku Synchrotron Radiation Facility  UVSOR - Ultraviolet Synchrotron Orbital Radiation Facility, Japan UVSOR - Ultraviolet Synchrotron Orbital Radiation Facility UVSOR - Ultraviolet Synchrotron Orbital Radiation Facility 37Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

38 Avrupa Kıtası  ALBA - Synchrotron Light Facility, Spain  ALBA - Synchrotron Light Facility, Spain ALBA - Synchrotron Light Facility ALBA - Synchrotron Light Facility  ANKA - Angstromquelle Karlsruhe, Germany  ANKA - Angstromquelle Karlsruhe, Germany ANKA - Angstromquelle Karlsruhe ANKA - Angstromquelle Karlsruhe  CESLAB - Central European Synchrotron Laboratory, Czech Republic  CESLAB - Central European Synchrotron Laboratory, Czech Republic CESLAB - Central European Synchrotron Laboratory CESLAB - Central European Synchrotron Laboratory  CLIO - Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay, France  CLIO - Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay, France CLIO - Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay CLIO - Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay  DAFNE Light, Italy  DAFNE Light, Italy DAFNE Light DAFNE Light  DELSY - Dubna ELectron SYnchrotron, Russia  DELSY - Dubna ELectron SYnchrotron, Russia DELSY - Dubna ELectron SYnchrotron DELSY - Dubna ELectron SYnchrotron  DELTA - Dortmund Electron Test Accelerator, Germany  DELTA - Dortmund Electron Test Accelerator, Germany DELTA - Dortmund Electron Test Accelerator DELTA - Dortmund Electron Test Accelerator  Diamond Light Source, UK  Diamond Light Source, UK Diamond Light Source Diamond Light Source  European XFEL - European X-ray Free Electron Laser, Germany  European XFEL - European X-ray Free Electron Laser, Germany European XFEL - European X-ray Free Electron Laser European XFEL - European X-ray Free Electron Laser  ELETTRA - Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Italy  ELETTRA - Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Italy ELETTRA - Synchrotron Light Laboratory ELETTRA - Synchrotron Light Laboratory  ELSA - Electron Stretcher Accelerator, Germany  ELSA - Electron Stretcher Accelerator, Germany ELSA - Electron Stretcher Accelerator ELSA - Electron Stretcher Accelerator  ESRF - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France  ESRF - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France ESRF - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility  FELBE - Free-Electron Lasers at the ELBE, Dresden, Germany  FELBE - Free-Electron Lasers at the ELBE, Dresden, Germany FELBE - Free-Electron Lasers at the ELBE, Dresden, FELBE - Free-Electron Lasers at the ELBE, Dresden,  FELIX - Free Electron Laser for Infrared eXperiments, The Netherlands FELIX - Free Electron Laser for Infrared eXperiments FELIX - Free Electron Laser for Infrared eXperiments 38Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

39 Avrupa Kıtası  HASYLAB - Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor at DESY, Germany  HASYLAB - Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor at DESY, Germany HASYLAB - Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor at DESY HASYLAB - Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor at DESY  Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) - BESSY II, Germany  Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) - BESSY II, Germany Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) - BESSY II Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) - BESSY II  ISA - Institute for Storage Ring Facilities, Denmark  ISA - Institute for Storage Ring Facilities, Denmark ISA - Institute for Storage Ring Facilities ISA - Institute for Storage Ring Facilities  ISI Institute of Metal Physics, Ukraine  ISI Institute of Metal Physics, Ukraine ISI Institute of Metal Physics ISI Institute of Metal Physics  Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Ukraine  Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Ukraine Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology  KSRS - Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source, Russia  KSRS - Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source, Russia KSRS - Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source KSRS - Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source  MAX IV Laboratory, Sweden  MAX IV Laboratory, Sweden MAX IV Laboratory MAX IV Laboratory  MLS - Metrology Light Source, Germany  MLS - Metrology Light Source, Germany MLS - Metrology Light Source MLS - Metrology Light Source  PSLS - Polish Synchrotron Light Source, Poland  PSLS - Polish Synchrotron Light Source, Poland PSLS - Polish Synchrotron Light Source PSLS - Polish Synchrotron Light Source  SLS - Swiss Light Source, Switzerland  SLS - Swiss Light Source, Switzerland SLS - Swiss Light Source SLS - Swiss Light Source  SOLEIL, France  SOLEIL, France SOLEIL  TNK - F.V Lukin Institute, Russia TNK - F.V Lukin Institute TNK - F.V Lukin Institute  TAC Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Turkey (Proje aşamasında!)  TAC SASE FEL Facility, Turkey (Proje Aşamasında!) 39Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

40 Orta Doğu ve Okyanusya  ILSF - Iranian Light Source Facility, Iran  ILSF - Iranian Light Source Facility, Iran ILSF - Iranian Light Source Facility ILSF - Iranian Light Source Facility  SESAME, Jordan  SESAME, Jordan SESAME  AS - Australian Synchrotron, Australia AS - Australian Synchrotron AS - Australian Synchrotron 40Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

41 41Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum SESAME (Ürdün) Sinkrotron Işınımı Tesisi (Türkiye Kurucu Üye)  Synchrotron-light for  Experimental  Science and  Applications in the  Middle  East  East

42 42Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

43 43Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

44 44Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Table 1. Phase One Beamlines at SESAME No. Beamline Energy Range Source typeChampions 1. MAD Protein Crystallogphy keV MPW (In- vacuum undulator in phase 2) Vlassi, Shoham, Salman, Rizkallah, Hasnain & Wakatsuki 2. PES and Photoabsorption spectroscopy eVUndulator Hamdan, Baig, Mansouri & Hussain 3.SAX/WAXS10 keVUndulatorSayers 4.XAFS/XRF3-30 keV 2.5 Tesla MPW Sagi, Mahmood, Hamdan & Hasnain 5.Powder Diffraction3-25 keV 2.5 Tesla MPW Ozdas & Pantos 6. IR Spectromic roscopy eV Large Aperture Bending magnet Mahmood & Sagi

45 45Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum No. Beamline Energy Range Source type 1. High resolution, Large unit cells PX with tunability at Se d12 keV 3.5 Tesla SC MPW 2. Chemical (small molecules) crystallography 12keV 2.5 Tesla MPW 3.Soft X-ray MCD1-5 keV Helical Undulator 4.UV CD for Biology3-10 eV Bending Magnet 5.Micro-Diffraction10 keV In-vacuum undulator 6. High Resolution UV Absorption and Photoelectron Spectroscopy eV Bending Magnet Table 2. Candidates for phase two beamlines. These could be established by 2011 if 2 beamlines per year are built from year 2 of the start of SESAME operation.

46 46Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Turkey Armenia Turkey

47 47Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

48 48Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum

49 49 Prof. Dr. Ömer YAVAŞ2-5 Eylül 2008, Bodrum49 Sinkrotron Işınımının Kullanım Alanları

50 50Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Uluslararası Hızlandırıcı Konferanslarının Geçmişi  Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC) Amerika’da 1965’ten beri 2 yılda bir tek yıllarda yapılıyordu Amerika’da 1965’ten beri 2 yılda bir tek yıllarda yapılıyordu En son yapılan PAC: PAC07 (2007, 21. cisi, ABD) En son yapılan PAC: PAC07 (2007, 21. cisi, ABD)  European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC) Avrupa’da 1988’den beri 2 yılda bir çift yıllarda yapılıyordu Avrupa’da 1988’den beri 2 yılda bir çift yıllarda yapılıyordu En son yapılan EPAC: EPAC08 (2008, 11.cisi, İtalya) En son yapılan EPAC: EPAC08 (2008, 11.cisi, İtalya)  Asian Particle Accelerator Conference (APAC) Asya’da 1998’den beri 3 yılda bir yapılıyordu Asya’da 1998’den beri 3 yılda bir yapılıyordu En son yapılan APAC: APAC07 (2007, 4.cüsü, Avustralya) En son yapılan APAC: APAC07 (2007, 4.cüsü, Avustralya)

51 51Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Konferans Serisi için Düzenleme  2009 yılından itibaren konferansın yeni adı: INTERNATIONAL PARTICLE ACCELERATOR CONFERENCE (IPAC) Yıllık olarak sırasıyla Amerika, Asya ve Avrupa kıtalarında yapılmaktadır. Yıllık olarak sırasıyla Amerika, Asya ve Avrupa kıtalarında yapılmaktadır. IPAC 2009: Amerika (Vencouver, Canada) IPAC 2010: Asya (Kyoto, Japan) IPAC 2011: Avrupa (San Sebastian, Spain) IPAC 2012: Amerika (San Sabestian, USA)

52 52Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Uluslararası Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları Konferansında (IPAC) Konu Başlıkları  Circular Colliders  Neutrino Factories  Linear Colliders  Hadron Accelerators  Synchrotron Light Sources  Free Electron Lasers

53 53Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Uluslararası Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları Konferansında (IPAC) Konu Başlıkları  Beam Dynamics and Electromagnetic Fields  Accelerator Technologies  Applications of Accelerators  Beam Instrumentation and Feedback  Lepton Accelerators  New Acceleration Techniques  Accelerators for Therapy

54 Gelecek 10 Yıl…  2013: V. UPHUK & IX. UPHDYO  2014: CERN ACCELERATOR SCHOOL (Turkey) X. UPHDYO X. UPHDYO  2015: TAC-TARLA tamamlanacak, XI. UPHDYO CERN’e TAM ÜYELİK !? CERN’e TAM ÜYELİK !?  2016: VI. UPHUK & XII. UPHDYO  : TAC-LE PA tamamlanacak!  2019: Int. Beam Instr. Conference (Turkey)  : TAC SR tamamlanacak! 54

55 55Ö. Yavaş, UPHDYO-VIII, Bodrum Teşekkürler… THM Projesi: Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri Enstitüsü:


"Parçacık Hızlandırıcıları ve Işınım Kaynaklarının Dünyadaki Durumu ve Genel Kullanım Alanları Prof. Dr. Ömer YAVAŞ Ankara Üniversitesi Hızlandırıcı Teknolojileri." indir ppt

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