Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz

Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz


Benzer bir sunumlar

... konulu sunumlar: "8 İKİNCİL DEPOLAMA CHAPTER"— Sunum transkripti:

Secondary storage devices are used to save, to back up, and to transport files Over the past several years, data storage capacity has expanded from saving numbers and text to include digital images and video Competent end uses need to know the capabilities, the limitations, and the uses of floppy disks, hard disks, opticak disks, and other types of secondary storage

2 Depolama(Hafıza) RAM Birincil depolama(hafıza) İkincil hafıza
Yokolour Geçicidir İkincil hafıza Yok olmaz Kalıcıdır İkincil depolama özellikleri Medya(Kullanılan araç) Kapasite Depolama araçları Erişim hızı Permanently save information for: future use; to share info with others; to modify at later date Secondary storage is nonvolatile – stores programs and data as opposed to temporary storage (RAM) RAM

3 İkincil depolama araçları
Floppy disk – inexpensive and removable Optical disks – large storage capacity Hard disk – large storage capacity and fast retrieval times

4 Disketler Disketler Taşınabilir depolama aracı
Floppy disk sürücüsü (FDD) Klasik disket Floppy disks are removable storage media. Today’s standard is 1.44 MB. Data recorded in rings called called tracks; tracks divided into wedge-shaped sections called sectors Most disks manufactured currently preformatted w/tracks and sectors While called floppy, actually pieces of flat Mylar rotating within a hard plastic jacket The bits of data are represented by the presence or absence of magnetic charges

5 Klasik disket Storage capacities range from 360 KB to 1.44 MB
Write-protect notch or window to prevent inadvertent erasure or write-over Density refers to how tightly the bits can be packed next to one another A shutter on the disk slides to the side to expose the recording surface

6 Disket türleri Yüksek kapasite Disket kartuşu olarak bilinir
Özel sürücü gerektirir En çok bilinenler Zip disket HiFD disket SuperDisket Zip disks – usually manufactured by Iomega; 100 to 250 MB worth of storage; requires own drive Super disks – usually manufactured by Imation; 120 MB capacity; popular with notebooks; use std floppy drive HiDF disks – usually manufactured by Sony Corp; 200 MB capacity Biggest advantages: can use HiDF disk in floppy drive Zip disks – 100 MB, 250 MB or 750 MB HiFD disks MB or 720MB SuperDisks – 120 MB or 240 MB

7 Hard Disk Depolama için ince metal plakalar kullanır
Disketten daha hızlıdır Yüksek kapasite Hassas parçalar Composed of metallic rather than plastic disks Fast information storage and retrieval Read-write head is inch above surface An internal hard disk is also known as a fixed disk

8 Disk kafasının bozulmasına sebep olacak şeyler
Head crashes occur when the read-write head contacts the disk surface or with particles on the disk's surface Head crashes are now rare A smoke particle, human hair or fingerprint could cause a head crash

9 Dahili Hard Disk Kasanın içindedir Sabit disk olarak bilinir
C sürücüsü olarak bilinir Disketlere üstünlüğü Erişim hızı kapasite Located inside the system unit; also known as fixed disk Used for storing the operating system, other programs and large data files

10 Hard-Disk Kartuşu Çıkarılabilir hard disk
Dahili hard diskleri tamamlamak üzere geliştirilmiştir 10 – 20 GB kapasite PC Card Hard Disks Capacity limited only by number of cartridges; used to complement internal hard disk. PC Card hard disk available for notebooks with a capacity of up to 5 GB Popular vendors: Iomega and Peerless

11 Hard-Disk Paketleri Çıkarılabilir Yüksek depolama kapasitesi
Mainframe’lerde yaygındır Bir tür plastik olan vinil yığınlarından oluşur Massive storage capacity Common in mainframe systems Composed of a larger number of platters, resembling a stack of record albums Most platters offer read-write surfaces on top and bottom Access time - time between the computer’s request for data from secondary storage and the completion of the data transfer; usually access time is faster with this type of secondary storage

12 Hard-Disk Paket Removable storage devices
Multiple recording platters aligned one above the other Found on mainframes Hard-disk packs are stored in a hard plastic cover that is removed when mounted onto a special drive

13 Performans artırımı Disk cache
Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) Dosya sıkıştırma ve açma Disk caching Uses hardware and software to anticipate data needs Frequently used data is stored in memory; when needed, the access time is much faster Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) Groups of low cost hard-disk drives grouped together using networks and special software Performs as a single large-capacity disk; but faster than a single disk of comparable size File compression and decompression Increase storage capacity Reduce space required for storage; reduce up to ¼ of original size WinZip and PKZip are well-known programs

14 Optik disk compact Kalıcı depolama Lazer ışınları pitlerden yansır
İki tür CD DVD Use laser technology. CD and DVD are optical disk formats. Compact, high capacity form of permanent storage (up to 17 gigabytes of data Laser beam writes by creating a pattern of pits (holes) and lands (flat areas) to encode data bits Laser beams reflect off the pits and lands to read the data Optical disks come in many different sizes Most common is 4 ¾ inches Stored in a protective case called jewel boxes

15 CD Optik format 650 MB - 1 GB kapasite Dönüş hızı değişir Türleri
Sadece okuma: CD-ROM Bir kere yazılabilir: CD-R Yazılabilir: CD-RW Resim ve fotoğraf CD’si CD stands for compact disc Standard on most computers Can store from 650 MB up to 1 GB Speed determines how fast data can be transferred Read only: CD-ROM Commercial music CD Read only means it can't be written on or erased Used to distribute large databases and references Write once: CD-R (CD –recordable) Known as burners Used to archive data or to record music downloaded from the Internet Rewriteable: CD-RW Known as erasable optical disks Can be changed Used to create and edit multimedia presentations Picture CDs and Photo CDs Special format developed by Eastman Kodak to store digital images Two types Single-session Multi-session Ideal for use as permanent data archives for essential company information

16 Digital Versatile Disc
Digital Versatile Disk or Digital Video Disk (DVD) CD’ye benzer, ancak daha fazla depolama sağlar Türleri Sadece okuma Bir kere yazma yazılabilir DVD-ROM Known as DVD players Used for videos DVD-R and DVD+R Two competing write once formats Write once format Expensive and not widely used DVD-RAM or DVD-RW - rewritable version DVD-RW DVD+RW DVD-RAM

17 DataPlay Optik disk Tek yazım Çeyrek boyut
500 MB kapasite Genellikle müzik dosyalarının kaydedilmesi ve çalınmasında kullanılır Optical write once format similar to CD-R Size of a quarter Used to store music Harder to copy Music industry is supporting this format

18 Diğer katı-durum depolama Internet hard disk Magnetic tape
Solid-state storage No moving parts Reliable, but expensive Internet hard drives Magnetic tape Slower sequential access Stores data and programs Used for making backups of data

19 Katı-durum Flash memory kart Anahtarlık flash memory
Özellikle dizüstü bilgisayarlarda MP3 dosyalarını kaydetmek için kullanılır Anahtarlık flash memory anahtarlık flash memory araçları USB port ‘dan bağlanır Key chain hard drives have recently been introduced Very compact Worn as a necklace or on a key ring Connect to a USB port Predicted that they will replace the floppy disk for transporting data Capacities up to 1 GB

20 Internet Hard Disk These are Web sites that provide storage space
Also called i-drive or online storage Not used for storing highly personalized or sensitive information

21 Magnetic Tape Harici depolama Sıralı erişim sağlar
Bilgi sıralı olarak depolanır Direk erişim sağlayan disklere göre yavaş Magnetic teypler, mainframe ve mikrobilgisayarlar tarafından kullanılır Magnetic disk offer fast, direct access to data programs; sequential access because they have to be fast forwarded or rewound before a specific location can be reached. *A common sequential access method of permanent storage method -- common form of data backup in companies with larger computer systems *Two forms of tape storage Magnetic tape streamers Backup tape cartridge units used with microcomputer systems Capacities range from 120 MB to 5 GB Digital audio tape (DAT)


Benzer bir sunumlar

Google Reklamları