... konulu sunumlar: "TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY"— Sunum transkripti:
1TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY Bu sunu sırasında, dinleyicilerin de katılımıyla, yapılması gereken işlemlerin ortaya çıkacağı konuşmalar olacaktır. Bu işlemleri izlemek için PowerPoint'i kullanın.Slayt Gösterisi’nde fareyi sağ tıklatın"Toplantı Gözetmeni”ni seçin"Kararlar" sekmesini seçinKararlar alındıkça yazınİletişim kutusunu kapatmak için Tamam’ı tıklatın.Sununun bitiminde bu, girdiğiniz öğelerden oluşan bir Kararlar slaydını otomatik olarak oluşturacaktır.TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY
2The importance of tobacco for the economy of the country can be summarized as follows: Tobacco is a significant crop for the agriculture sector of Turkey. It generates employment and represents the primary means of subsistence for about 3.5 million people including 580,000 tobacco farmers in addition to those employed in transportation, marketing and processing.
3Turkey ranks fifth in world tobacco production and sixth in exports. Tobacco ranks sixth in terms of the total value of culture crops in Turkey.Turkey‘s tobacco exports generate US$ 500 million a year on average, or 2-3 per cent of its total export earnings.TEKEL (Turkish State Monopolies), which purchases the bulk of domestic tobacco output and also produces cigarettes, has a 3 per cent share of the GNP of Turkey at 1999 prices.
4History of Tobacco in Turkey Tobacco arrived in the Ottoman Empire in the early seventeenth century on ships from Great Britain and Venice.In Ottoman Empire, there was no restriction about farming, production and consumption of tobacco but it was only put a custums duty on import until 1633.Turkish Republic took tobacco sector under government control in 1923.
5Tobacco in Turkish Republic Cigarette production in Turkey started in the 19th century in small shops called atalye. The first cigarette factory was established in 1939, and produced hand-made non-filter cigarettes and packed tobaccos.In 1983, Tekel started to import cigarettes with foreign brand names.
6In 1984, the Turkish government allowed foreign tobacco companies to export their products to Turkey, while Tekel maintained the exclusive right to import, price and distribute domestic and foreign tobacco products.In 1991, other tobacco companies were allowed to price and distribute their own cigarettes in Turkey.
7Tobacco Market Structure TEKEL is a fully state-owned organization consisting of management, administration, technical and support units.In response to Turkey's severe economic crisis in late 2000, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank forced the country to pass a law enabling the privatization of the state alcohol and tobacco enterprise TEKEL, as a condition for receiving over $15 billion in loans.
8The entry of the private sector to tobacco started in 1991 when the state monopoly on tobacco products was lifted after some changes in relevant laws.Tekel and private sector now market and distribute their products in a competitive free market.
9Firms in the MarketPHILIP MORRIS SABANCI SİGARA VE TÜTÜNCÜLÜK SANAYİ VE TİCARET A.Ş.JTI TÜTÜN ÜRÜNLERİ SANAYİ A.Ş.TEKA PURO ÜRETİM VE TİCARETİ A.Ş.BAT SİGARA VE TÜTÜNCÜLÜK SANAYİ VE TİCARET A.Ş.EUROPEAN TOBACCO SİGARA VE TÜTÜNCÜLÜK SANAYİ VE TİCARET A.Ş.
10IMPERIAL TOBACCO SİGARA VE TÜTÜNCÜLÜK SANAYİ VE TİCARET A.Ş. SMYRNA TOBACCO MEYVA AROMALI VE AROMASIZ NARGİLE TÜTÜNÜ VE TÜTÜN MAMULLERİ ÜRETİM SANAYİ TİCARET LTD.ŞTİ.İMEKS DIŞ TİCARET VE PAZARLAMA LTD.ŞTİ.SELAR TÜTÜN ÜRÜNLERİ TURİZM SANAYİ VE DIŞ TİCARET LTD.ŞTİ.ŞERBETLİ GIDA VE AMBALAJ SANAYİ TİCARET LTD.ŞTİ.
11Firms are get permission, but have not been passed to production: BOROVALI TÜTÜN VE TÜTÜN MAMULLERİ SANAYİ TİCARET A.Ş.ORİENT TÜTÜN MAMULLERİ SANAYİ VE PAZARLAMA TİCARET A.Ş.BOĞAZİÇİ SİGARA VE TÜTÜNCÜLÜK SANAYİ VE TİCARET A.Ş.
12With legal regulations until now, entry and exit to the tobacco market becomes free.
13There are three basic types of cigarettes sold in Turkey: a) domestic filter cigarettes,b) domestic non-filter cigarettesc) foreign brand cigarettes.
14TEKEL Domestic Sales Volumes, 1992-2000 (million pieces and thousand kilograms)
15Tekel produces the following cigarettes: Samsun,Maltepe,Yeni Harman,Meltem,Ballica,Bafra,BitlisBirinci.
16Philsa produces: Japan Tobacco International produces: Malboro ParliamentL&M and ChesterfieldJapan Tobacco International produces:Camel, Winston,Salem, Magna,Monte Carlo and Aspen brands.
17To taking over competitors, tobacco companies have tried to reduce their dependence on traditional, slow growing markets through diversification.diversification by market segmentdiversification by tobacco product
18Some of the firms product tobacco for nargileh, pipe and cigar
19Conduct of Tobacco Sector Tax:Both domestic and imported cigarettes are taxed in Turkey.There are different types of taxes on cigarettes in Turkey.
30Performance in Tobacco Sector Phillip Morris is allied with one of the biggest Turkish conglomerates, Sabanci Holding, in the tobacco market, and was number two after Tekel with a 31% volume share of cigarettes in 2003.
31Turkey very appealing to many international tobacco companies as a potential growth market.
32Being one of the most labour intensive agricultural production activities, tobacco production is an important source of employment