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Yabancı Dil- II Bölüm - 4. ADJECTIVES (SIFATLAR) Comparatives and Superlatives Yabancı Dil- II.

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... konulu sunumlar: "Yabancı Dil- II Bölüm - 4. ADJECTIVES (SIFATLAR) Comparatives and Superlatives Yabancı Dil- II."— Sunum transkripti:

1 Yabancı Dil- II Bölüm - 4

2 ADJECTIVES (SIFATLAR) Comparatives and Superlatives Yabancı Dil- II

3 Comparative  İki farklı nesneyi karşılaştırmak için kullanılan sıfatlardır. Yabancı Dil- II

4 Comparative  Jerry is small.  Spike is big.  Tom is …??? (small or big? Neye göre?) Yabancı Dil- II

5 Comparative  Tom is bigger than Jerry.  Tom is smaller than Spike. Yabancı Dil- II

6 Comparative Genel Kurallar  Bir veya iki heceli sıfatlar + er  cheap → cheaper  fast → faster  Sessiz harf+sesli harf+sessiz harf ile biten kısa sıfatlar + er (sıfatın sonundaki harf iki kere yazılır)  big → bigger  hot → hotter  –y ile biten bir veya iki heceli sıfatlarda ‘y’ düşer ‘ier’ eklenir.  pretty → prettier  easy → easier  Üç veya daha fazla heceli sıfatlar başına ‘more’ alır.  expensive → more expensive  careful → more careful  Düzensiz sıfatlar  good → better  bad → worse Yabancı Dil- II

7 Comparative Genel Kurallar 1. Bir veya iki heceli sıfatlar + er  My sister is older than my brother.  The blue skirt is nicer than the black skirt.  His house is larger than my house. Yabancı Dil- II

8 Comparative Genel Kurallar  Sessiz harf+sesli harf+sessiz harf ile biten kısa sıfatlar + er (sıfatın sonundaki harf iki kere yazılır)  Today is hotter than yesterday.  İstanbul is bigger than other cities in Turkey. Yabancı Dil- II

9 Comparative Genel Kurallar 3. –y ile biten bir veya iki heceli sıfatlarda ‘y’ düşer ‘ier’ eklenir.  Literature is easier than Math.  My bag is heavier than yours.  She is prettier than her sister. Yabancı Dil- II

10 comparative Genel Kurallar 4. Üç veya daha fazla heceli sıfatlar başına ‘more’ alır.  Mercedes is more expensive than Opel.  This armchair is more comfortable than the other.  My brother is more hardworking than me. Yabancı Dil- II

11 Comparative Genel Kurallar  Düzensiz sıfatlar  Winter is (good) better than summer.  Summer is (bad) worse than winter. Yabancı Dil- II

12 SUPERLATIVE  Üç veya daha fazla sayıdaki nesneyi yada kişiyi karşılaştırmak için kullanılır ve üstünlük bildirir. Yabancı Dil- II

13 SUPERLATIVES  Tom is bigger than Jerry.  Spike is bigger than Tom.  Spike is the biggest.  Jerry is the smallest. Yabancı Dil- II

14 Superlative Genel Kurallar  Bir veya iki heceli sıfatlar + est  cheap → the cheapest  fast → the fastest  Sessiz harf+sesli harf+sessiz harf ile biten kısa sıfatlar + est (sıfatın sonundaki harf iki kere yazılır)  big → the biggest  hot → the hottest  –y ile biten bir veya iki heceli sıfatlarda ‘y’ düşer ‘iest’ eklenir.  pretty → the prettiest  easy → the easiest  Üç veya daha fazla heceli sıfatlar başına ‘most’ alır.  expensive → the most expensive  careful → the most careful  Düzensiz sıfatlar  good → the best  bad → the worst Yabancı Dil- II

15 Superlative Genel Kurallar 1. Bir veya iki heceli sıfatlar + est  My father is the oldest son of my grandfather.  Today is the warmest day of summer.  The Nile is the longest river in the world. Yabancı Dil- II

16 Superlative Genel Kurallar  Sessiz harf+sesli harf+sessiz harf ile biten kısa sıfatlar + est (sıfatın sonundaki harf iki kere yazılır)  The Sahara Desert is the hottest desert in the world.  İstanbul is the biggest city in Turkey. Yabancı Dil- II

17 Superlative Genel Kurallar 3. –y ile biten bir veya iki heceli sıfatlarda ‘y’ düşer ‘iest’ eklenir.  English is the easiest language.  She is the prettiest girl in the class. Yabancı Dil- II

18 Superlative Genel Kurallar 4. Üç veya daha fazla heceli sıfatlar başına ‘most’ alır.  He is the most hardworking student in the classroom.  Avatar is the most popular movie.  It is the most expensive hotel in the city. Yabancı Dil- II

19 Superlative Genel Kurallar  Düzensiz sıfatlar  Today is the worst day of my life.  It is the best book in the library. Yabancı Dil- II

20 Be careful…! Comparative  Incorrect - Today is more colder than yesterday. Yanlış  Correct - Today is colder than yesterday. Doğru (Bugün dünden daha soğuk.) Superlative  Incorrect - She is the most fastest runner. Yanlış  Correct - She is the fastest runner. Doğru (O en hızlı koşucudur.) Yabancı Dil- II

21 Little-less -the least  Volleyball is less dangerous than basketball.  Basketball is less dangerous than football.  Volleyball is the least dangerous sport. Yabancı Dil- II

22 EXERCISES comparative  A car is ….. than a bike. (fast)  My hair is …… than yours. (long)  This house is ……. than the other house. (big)  English is …. than Maths. (easy)  Japanese is ….. than French. (difficult) Yabancı Dil- II

23  A car is faster than a bike.  My hair is longer than yours.  This house is bigger than the other house.  English is easier than Maths.  Japanese is more difficult than French. Yabancı Dil- II EXERCISES

24 Superlatives  August is the ….. Month in Turkey. (hot)  Johnny Depp is the ….. actor. (famous)  This is the ….. restaurant in this neighbourhood. (cheap)  This is the …… movie I’ve ever watched. (nice) Yabancı Dil- II

25  August is the hottest month in Turkey.  Johnny Depp is the most famous actor.  This is the cheapest restaurant in this neighbourhood.  This is the nicest movie I’ve ever watched. Yabancı Dil- II EXERCISES

26 Let’s Write Sentences According To The Table… (Tablodaki bilgilere göre cümleler yazalım.)  George is older than Alex.  Alex is the youngest of all.  Alex is more intelligent than George.  Tim is the richest of all.  …………………………………………  …………………………………………..  ………………………………………… Yabancı Dil- II

27 Exercises Comparative or Superlative?  Can you speak _________? (loud)  Tom is a ______ student than Mary. (good)  Computers are _______ than telephones. (expensive)  Today is _________day of the summer. (hot)  A rock is _______ than a leaf.(heavy)  This is _______ school in the city. (successful)  It is ____________ shop in the town. (large)  A Ferrari is ______ than a Ford. (fast)  That is ___________sofa in our house. (comfortable) Yabancı Dil- II

28  My house is _______than yours. (big)  A lion is ______than a cat. (dangerous)  Trains are _______ than aeroplanes. (slow)  Monday is ________ day of the week. (bad)  Tim is ______than Peter. (talented)  The TV is _______ of all. (cheap)  My sister is _______ than me. (tall)  James is ________ child in the family. (young)  The mouse is _____ animal in the zoo. (small) Yabancı Dil- II


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