Let’s start ‘hadi başlayalım” Let US start “hadi başlayalım” Day - daily “gün-günlük” week – weekly “hafta-haftalık” month – monthly “ay-aylık” Year - yearly, annual “yıl-yıllık” Daily activity “günlük aktivite” Daily activities “günlük aktiviteler”
What are your plans? What are your plans for the weekend?
Walk (v) = Look(v) = Rest (v) = A bath (n) banyo : A shower (n) duş : ” : have a walk : have a look : have a rest : have a bath “banyo yapmak” : have a shower, take a shower “duş almak”
I am going to have a walk. “Yürüyüş yapacağım.” You are going to have a rest. “Dinleneceksiniz.” She is going to have a look. “Bakacak.” We are going to have a bath. “Banyo yapacağız.” They are going to have a shower. “Duş alacaklar.” “Yürüyüş yapacağım.” “Dinleneceksiniz.” “Bakacak.” “Banyo yapacağız.” “Duş alacaklar.” Gelecek zamanda olumlu cümle
Are you going to have a walk ? Are y ou going to have a rest ? is s he going to have a look ? Are you going to have a bath ? Are t hey going to have a shower ? Soru şekli
I am NOT going to have a walk. You are NOT going to have a rest. She is NOT going to have a look. We are NOT going to have a bath. They are NOT going to have a shower. OLUMSUZ ŞEKLİ
I like: severim Do you like? Sever misin? I like trucks. “Kamyonları severim.” Do you like trucks? “Kamyonları sever misiniz?” She like S dolls. “Bebekleri sever.” Does She LIKE dolls? “Bebekleri sever mi?”
I would like + noun / isim She would like a pen. She would like a cat. She would like a bicycle. I would like + noun / isim “Bir dolma kalem istiyor.” “Bir kedi istiyor.” “Bir bisiklet istiyor.”
I would like: isterim / istiyorum I would like some cake. Biraz kek isterim. I ’d like a hamburger. Bir hamburger isterim. I would like a Coke. Bir kola isterim. (istiyorum) I ‘d like those flowers. “Şu çiçekleri istiyorum.” Would like = ‘d like
Would you like? İster misin iz ? / Alır mısınız? Would she like? İster mi? WHAT would you like? NE istersin? WHAT would she like? NE ister? Would you like AN ORANGE? “Bir portakal alır mısınız?” Would you like a cake? “Bir kek alır mısınız?” Would you like some water? “Biraz su alır mısınız?”
I would like TO EAT an orange. “Bir portakal yemek isterim/istiyorum.” I would like TO DRINK some water. “Biraz su içmek isterim/istiyorum.” I would like TO DANCE. “Dans etmek isterim/istiyorum.” What would you like? Ne istersin? What would you like TO DO? Ne yapmak istersin?
What would She like? O ne ister? What would she like TO DO? Ne yapmak ister?
The days of the week Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday The days of the week Monday is the first day of the week. Tuesday is the second day of the week. Wednesday is the third day of the week. Thursday is the fourth day of the week. Friday is the fifth day of the week. Saturday is the sixth day of the week. Sunday is the seventh day of the week.
What day is it? Bugün günlerden ne? It is Monday. Pazartesi.
What is THE FIRST DAY of the week? “Haftanın birinci günü hangi gündür?” The first day of the week is MONDAY It is Monday.
SO / BECAUSE I am happy BECAUSE I have some plans for the weekend. I have some plans fort he weekend, SO I am happy. I am not going to wear my blue jeans BECAUSE they are dirty. My blue jeans are dirty, SO I am not going to wear them.
Because: Çünkü So: Bu yüzden, bu sebeple, bundan dolayı I am happy BECAUSE you are here. You are here, SO I am happy. I am going to go to the dentist’s BECAUSE I have a toothache. I have a toothache, SO I am going to go to the dentist’s.
Zeynep is going to make a sandwich BECAUSE she feels hungry. “Zeynep bir sandviç yapacak çünkü aç.” Zeynep feelS hungry SO she is going to make a sandwich. “Zeynep aç bu yüzden bir sandviç yapacak.” Gökçen wacthES quiz shows BECAUSE she likeS them. “Gökçen bilgi yaraşmalarını seyreder çünkü onları seviyor.” Gökçen likeS quiz shows SO she watches them. “Gökçen bilgi yarışmalarını seviyor dolayısıyla onları seyreder.” Because: Çünkü So: Bu yüzden, bu sebeple, bundan dolayı
Büşra’s family HAS GOT a farm. (+) (-) (?) HAS Büşra’s family GOT a farm? Büşra’s family HASN’T GOT a farm. Büşra’s family: Büşra’NIN ailesi Her family: Onun ailesi
We plan our lives. We plan our daily activities. Ali HAS a car. Ali has got a car. DOES Ali HAVE a car? Has Ali got a car? Ali DOES not HAVE a car. Ali has not got a car.
Go + V (ing) ACTIVITIES GO dancing, “dansa gitmek” GO climbing, “tırmanmaya gitmek” GO shopping, “alış verişe gitmek” GO rafting, “raftinge gitmek” GO swimming “yüzmeye gitmek” GO horse riding, “at binmeye gitmek” GO fishing, “balık tutmaya gitmek” GO paragliding, “yamaç paraşütüne gitmek” GO hang gliding, “planörle uçmaya gitmek”
It is nice. “O güzeldir.” It is nice TO BE here. “Burada olmak güzeldir.” It is nice TO DANCE. “Dans etmek güzeldir.” It is nice TO HAVE a bicycle. “Bir bisiklete sahip olmak güzeldir.” It is great TO DRIVE a car. “Araba sürmek harikadır.” It is wonderful TO LISTEN to music. “Müzik dinlemek güzeldir.”
P R E P O S I T I O N S in: içindein the room “odanın içinde” Near: yanındanear the window “pencerenin kenarında” at: de, daat the door “kapıda” At the board “tahtada” At the bus stop “otobüs durağında”
in front of: -ın önündein front of the car Behind: arkasındabehind the house On: üstündeon the table Where: nerede Where is the cat? The cat is under the chair.IT is under the chair. Where are the cats? The cats are under the chair.THEY are under the chair.
Tuz Lake (Salt Lake) Salty shores of Lake Tuz Lake Tuz is the second biggest lake in Turkey.lakeTurkey Lake Tuz is in the Central Anatolia region.Central Anatolia Lake: göl Lake Van, Lake Abant, Lake Tuz etc.
Lake VAN is the largest lake in Turkey,lakeTurkey Lake VAN is in the east of the country.
A: I like football. WHAT ABOUT YOU? “Ya siz?” “DO YOU LIKE FOOTBALL?” “Siz futbolu seviyor musunuz?” B: I like football, too. “Ben DE futbolu seviyorum.” A: I like computers. WHAT ABOUT YOU? (ya siz) DO YOU LIKE COMPUTERS? B: I like them, too. A: I have got a pen. WHAT ABOUT YOU? (ya siz) HAVE YOU GOT A PEN? B: No, I haven’t got a pen. No, I haven’t got ONE.
Şükran feels happy.Does Şükran feel happy? Türkan feels sad.Does Türkan feel sad? Do you feel well? İyi hisseder misin? iyi misiniz? How does Şükran feel?She feels happy. “Şükran kendini nasıl hissediyor?”“O mutludur.” How does Elif feel?She feels sad.
Win: kazanmakbeat: yenmek Lose: kaybetmek lose: kaybetmek They win the game.
WIN x LOSE S This man winS. He winS S That man loseS.
I watch quiz shows once a week. (+) (?) Do you watch quiz shows once a week? How often do you watch quiz shows? How many times a week do you watch quiz shows?
Do you watch quiz shows? What is your favourite QUIZ SHOW? What is your favourite ONE? Do you read books? What is your favourite book? What is your favourite ONE? Do you like sports?What is your favourite sport? What is your favourite ONE?
How often:Ne kadar sık, hangi sıklıkta How many times:Kaç kere, kaç kez How many times a day:Günde kaç kere How many times a week:Haftada kaç kere How many times a month:Ayda kaç kere
Award (n) = priZe (n) ödül Visible: görülür x INvisible: görülmez Contest(v): yarışmak contestANT (n): yarışmacı Contestants are AT the show.
Conversation between us: aramızdaki konuşma The sentences you hear: duyduğun cümleler The words you say: söylediğin kelimeler
Historical: tarihihistorical places: tarihi yerler the mousoleum of Atatürk, The Atatürk museum, The museum of Anatolian Civilization, Alaeddin Mosque, Seljuk woodwork An example of Seljuk woodwork A fine example of seljuk woodwork Atakule
It is fantastic to be with you. “Sizinle olmak harikadır.” It is wonderful to have a car. “Bir arabaya sahip olmak harikadır.” It is nice to drink lemonade. “Limonata içmek güzeldir.” Turkey is an exciting country. “Türkiye harika bir ülkedir.” Berkan is very excited. The film is very exciting. “Berkan çok heyacanlıdır.” “Film çok heyecan vericidir.”
Turkish people are friendly. The babies are lovely. Gülseren feels lonely. Beyza is lonely.
How does she feel about Ali and Veli? them What does she think about Ali and Veli? them
What is her opinion about them? What are her thoughts about them? What are her ideas about them? How does she feel about her holiday? How does she feel about Turksih people?
At the moment = now We are in the class at the moment. I am at the board at the moment.
A tour of Parisa city tourtour(n): Leaflet (n): broşür, kitapçık, bildiri Famous (adj) ünlü, meşhur,tanınmış A famous museum Public (adj): umumi, halka ait A public museum A famous public museum Masterpiece (adj): şaheser, başyapıt, harika
in the middle: ortada in the middle of: -nın ortasında in the middle of Türkey: Türkiye’nin ortasında in the North: kuzeyde in the North of: -nin kuzeyinde In the North of Ankara: Ankara’nın kuzeyinde In the South of Turkey: Türkiye’nin güneyinde In the east of Turkey: Türkiye’nin doğusunda In the west of Turkey: Türkiye’nin batısında
EAST SOUTH NORTH WEST Sinop is in the NORTH of Turkey. Ağrı is in the EAST of Turkey. İzmir is in the WEST of Turkey. Adana is in the SOUTH of Turkey.
I would like a piece of cake. = I’d like a piece of cake. I would like some water.= I’d like some water. I would like an apple.= I’d like an apple.
I’d like a piece of cake. I’d like TO EAT a piece of cake. I’d like some water. I’d like TO DRINK some water. I’d like an apple.I’d like TO EAT an apple.
I need a glass of water. “bir bardak suya ihtiyacım var.” “Bir bardak suya ihtiyaç duyuyorum.” I need a mobile phone. “Bir cep telefonuna ihtiyacım var.” I need a calculator. “Bir hesap makinesine ihtiyacım var.” “Bir hesap makinesine ihtiyaç duyuyorum.” I need understanding. “Anlayışa ihtiyacım var.” “Anlaşıya ihtiyaç duyarım.” A child needS mother care. “Bir çocuk anne şefkatine ihtiyaç duyar.” “Bir çocuğun anne şefkatine ihtiyacı var.” Sefa needS a pen. “Sefa bir dolma kaleme ihtiyaç duyar.” “Sefanın bir dolma kaleme ihtiyacı var”
I want TO BUY those trousers. “Şu pantolonu almak isterim/istiyorum.” I want TO GO fishing. “Balığa gitmek isterim/istiyorum.” I want TO STUDY Turkish. “Türkçe çalışmak istiyorum.” I want TO SWIM. “Yüzmek istiyorum.” Mesut wantS TO buy those trousers. Mesut şu pantolonu almak istiyor.” Caner wantS TO go fishing. Caner balığa gitmek istiyor. Ebru wantS TO study Turkish. “Ebru Türkçe çalışmak istiyor. Said wantS TO swim. “Said yüzmek istiyor.”
Size (n): ölçü, beden We don’t have them in your size. I don’t feel very well. = I am not very well. You don’t look very well. = You are not very well. Breathe (v): inhale (v)
I need a pen. You need a sandwich They need a pen TO WRITE. We need a sandswich TO EAT. She needS money TO BUY a bicycle. She needS some water TO DRINK.
I think our school is wonderful. “Bence bizim okul harikadır.” I think that car is fantastic. “Bence şu araba harikadır.” I think that girl is terrific. “Bence şu kız mükemmel.” I think soccer is dangerous. “Bence Amerikan futbolu tehlikelidir.” I think motor racing is exciting. “Bence motor yarışı heyacan vericidir.”
What do you think of Hülya Avşar? What do you think of playING chess? What do you think of English? What do you think of learnING English? What do you think of those poems? What do you think of writING poems?
C A N / M A Y PERMISSION i z i n Can I go out? “Dışarı çıkabilir miyim?” Can I use your pen? “Kaleminizi kullanabilir miyim?” Can I open the door? “kapıyı açabilir miyim?” Can I listen to music? “Müzik dinleyebilir miyim?” Can I go to bed late? “Geç yatabilir miyim?” No, you can’t. “Hayır, yatamazsınız.” I’m afraid you can’t. “Üzgünüm yatamazsınız.” To refuse we use can’t / may not
May I borrow this book? “Bu kitabı ödünç alabilir miyim?” May I come in? “İçeri girebilir miyim?” May I use your computer? “Bilgisayarınızı kullanabilir miyim?” May I use your mobile phone? “Cep telefonunuzu kullanabilir miyim?” May I show you some books? “Size birkaç kitap gösterebilir miyim?” Yes, of course. “Elbette.”