Ilistento music. Youlistento music. HelistenS to music. ShelistenS to music. Welisten to music. Youlisten to music. Theylisten to music.
T h e g i r l l i s t e n S t o m u s i c. S h e l i s t e n S t o m u s i c.
The girlreadS books. ŞenayreadS books. ShereadS books. The boy readS books. BerkanreadS books. HereadS books.
ES Ali’s father brushES his teeth. ES Yasin brushES his teeth. ES He brushES his teeth.
My sister playS video games. Gülseren playS video games. She playS video games.
S The woman cookS meals. S Ali’s mother cookS meals. S Ayla cookS meals. S She cookS meals.
S The woman getS up at S Hülya getS up at S She getS up at
The man getS up at Berkan getS up at He getS up at
The student getS on the bus at Çağatay getS on the bus at He getS on the bus at
S The elephant getS on the bus at S Zumzum getS on the bus at S It getS on the bus at
ES The boy goES to bed at ES Fatih goES to bed at ES He goES to bed at
The man goes to bed at Onur goes to bed at He goes to bed at
has My son has breakfast at has Ahmet has breakfast at has He has breakfast at
Her grandmother h hh has breakfast at Mrs. Emel h as breakfast at She as breakfast at
has Ayşe’s friend has breakfast at has Ebru has breakfast at has She has breakfast at
IES Engin studIES his lessons at ies He studies his lessons at
My grandmotherS My grandmother playS computer games at EmineS Emine playS computer games at SheS She playS computer games at
ES A teacher teachES a school subject. ES He teachES a school subject. ES She teachES a school subject.
S A chemist sellS drugs. He sellS drugs. She sellS drugs.
S A doctor examineS people. S He examineS people. S She examineS people. Examine (v): muayne etmek
S A soldier defendS his country. S He defendS his country. Defend (v): savunmak
S A cook cookS food. S He cookS food. S She cookS food.
A cat catchES mice. It catchES mice.
A dentist pullS out teeth. He pullS out teeth. She pullS out teeth.
A butcher sellS meat. He sellS meat. She sellS meat.
A waiter serveS drink to people. S He serveS drink to people.
S A secretary typeS letters. S She typeS letters.
A mechanic repairS cars. He repairS cars.
S A fireman putS out fire. S He putS out fire.
S A driver driveS cars. S He driveS cars. She driveS cars.
IES A student studIES his lessons. IES He studIES his lessons. IES She studIES his lessons.
S An engineer makeS plans of buildings. S He makeS plans of buildings. S She makeS plans of buildings.
Simple present tense. Imperatives (emirler) Gel Yaz yüz koş Oku Ders çalış Süt iç Come Write swim Run Read Study Drink milk O l u m l u O l u m s u z Don’t Come Don’t Write Don’t swim Don’t Run Don’t Read Don’t Study Don’t Drink
E x a m p l e s. Imperatives (emirler) Gel come Yaz write Yüz swim Koş run Oku read Ders çalış study Süt iç drink milk O l u m l u Ben gelirİM. Sen yazarSIN. Biz yüzerİZ. Siz koşarSINIZ. Onlar okurLAR. Ben ders çalışırIM. Sen süt içerSİN. I come. You write We swim You run They read I study You drink milk
Oyun oyna Otobüse bin Erken kalk Yatağa git (yat) Kahvaltı yap Play games Get on the bus Get up early Go to bed Have breakfast
Oyun oynarım. Otobüse binersin. Erken kalkarız. Yatarsınız. Kahvaltı yaparlar. I play games. You get on the bus We get up early You go to bed They have breakfast
Derslere çalış Basket oyna İnsanları sev Yüzmeye git Yatağını yap Study lessons Play Play basketball Love people Go swimming Make your bed
Ders çalışırım. Basket oynarsın. İnsanları severiz. Yüzmeye gidersiniz. Yataklarını yaparlar. I study lessons. You play basketball. We love people. You go swimming They make their beds
Don’t come Don’t write Don’t swim Don’t run Don’t read Don’t study Don’t drink O l u m s u z E M İ R M GelmeM YazmaZSIN YİZ YüzmeYİZ KoşmaZSINIZ ZLAR OkumaZLAR M Ders çalışmaM ZSİN İçmeZSİN I I don’t come You You don’t write We We don’t swim You You don’t run They They don’t read I I don’t study You You don’t drink Olumsuz cümle
Derslere çalış study lessons Basket oynaplay basketball İnsanları sevlove people Yüzmeye gitgo swimming Yatağı yapmake the bed IR Derslere çalışIRım. (Ben) R Basket oynaRsın. (Sen) ER İnsanları sevERiz. (Biz) ER Yüzmeye gidERsiniz. (Siz) AR Yataklarını yapARlar. (Onlar) I study lessons You play basketball. We love people. You go swimming. They make their beds I m p e r a t i v e Olumlu cümleler
Oyun oynaMAm Otobüse binMEzsin Erken kalkMAyız Yatağa git (yat)MEzsiniz Kahvaltı yapMAzlar O l u m s u z c ü m l e (I, you, we, you, they) I don’t play games. You don’t get on the bus. We don’t get up early. You don’t go to bed. They don’t have breakfast
S O R U c ü m l e s i (I, you, we, you, they) do I don’t play games. do You don’t get on the bus. do We don’t get up early. do You don’t go to bed. do They don’t have breakfast C Ü M L E L E R İ soru Yapmak için YARDIMCI FİİL “ DO ” cümlenin başına alınır. YARDIMCI FİİL “DO”
S O R U c ü m l e s i (I, you, we, you, they) Idon’t play games. Youdon’t get on the bus. Wedon’t get up early. Youdon’t go to bed. Theydon’t have breakfast Do you play games? Do you get on the bus? Do we get up early? Do you go to bed? Do they have breakfast?
Ders çalış Ders çalışma Ders çalışırım. Ders çalışmam. Ders çalışır mıyım? study lessons Don’t study lessons I study lessons. I d dd don’t study lessons. Do I study lessons?
oyna Basketbol oyna oynama Basketbol oynama oyna Basketbol oynarsın. oyna Basketbol oynamazsın. oyna Basketbol oynar mısın? play play basketball Don’tplay Don’t play basketball Youplay You play basketball Youdon’tplay You don’t play basketball Doyouplay Do you play basketball?
İnsanları s ss sev İnsanları s ss sevme İnsanları s ss severiz. İnsanları s ss sevmeyiz. İnsanları s ss sever miyiz? Love people Don’t l ll love people We l ll love people. We don’t l ll love people. Do w ww we l ll love people?
CÜMLEMİZİN ÖZNESİ HE SHE IT OLDUĞUNDA D İ K K A T Ali he Gökçen She My father he T h e d o g ı t T h e t e a c h e r h e / s h e
Our dogit Your girl friendshe His girl friendshe Your friend He / she Her friend He / she His friend He / she CÜMLEMİZİN ÖZNESİ HE SHE IT OLDUĞUNDA D İ K K A T
An elephant it The girl she Your brother’s sister she The lorry it Your mother’s husband he A doctor He / she The computer it
Eğer cümlemizin öznesi HE SHE IT ise Veya oradaki ismin yerine HE SHE IT kullanabiliyorsak cümlenin Fiiline –S takısı eklenir. He loveS you. Ahmet loveS Fatma. He loveS Fatma.
Verbs Drink speak Play Say Study carry drinkS S speakS S playS S sayS ies studies ies carries Catch Go Wash Pass fix CatchES GoES washES passES fixES
V + s V + ies V + es Drive, miss, cry, mix, watch, draw, brush, buy, kiss, mend, fly, parry, swim, try, do, marry, fry, eat DriveS drawS buyS mendS eatS swimS crIES flİES parrIES trIES marrIES frIES missES mixES watchES brushES kissES doES
S Tuğba likeS cats. S she likeS cats. S Engin eatS bread every morning. S He eatS bread every morning. S The cat drinkS milk. S It drinkS milk.
Nazlıcan studIES hard. She studIES hard.
IES A pilot flIES a plane. IES He flIES a plane. IES She flIES a plane.
My mother frIES potatoes. She frIES potatoes.
IES Nazlıcan studIES hard. IES She studIES hard. M y m o t h e r f r I E S p o t a t o e s. S h e f r I E S p o t a t o e s. IES A pilot flIES a plane. IES He flIES a plane. IES She flIES a plane. Bu cümleleri OLUMSUZ / SORU yaparken DOES yardımcı fiili kullanılır.
N a z l ı c a n s t u d I E S h a r d. S h e s t u d I E S h a r d. Özne tekil: Nazlıcan She studyIES Fiilde “study” (-s, -es, IES) takısı var DOES Yardımcı fiilimiz DOES DOES kullanıldığında fiildeki ekler (-s, es, -ies) kalkar. DOES varsa (-s, es, -ies)yok DOES varsa (-s, es, -ies) yok
N a z l ı c a n s t u d I E S h a r d. S h e s t u d I E S h a r d. Nazlıcan DOES n nn not S SS STUDY hard. She D OES n nn not S SS STUDY hard. DOES Nazlıcan S SS STUDY hard ? ?? ? DOES she S TUDY hard ? ?? ? Özne tekil:Nazlıcan She Fiilde (-s, -es, -ies): studIES var Yardımcı fiilimiz: D O E S DOES varsa FİİLİN Y YY YALIN şeklini yaz.
IES A pilot flIES a plane. IES He flIES a plane. IES She flIES a plane. Özne tekil:a pilot he / she Fiilde (-s, -es, -ies): flIES var Yardımcı fiilimiz: D O E S A pilot D DD DOES n nn not F FF FLY a plane. He D DD DOES n nn not F FF FLY a plane. She D DD DOES n nn not f ff fly a plane. DOES a pilot F FF FLY a plane ? ?? ? DOES he F FF FLY a plane ? ?? ? DOES she F FF FLY a plane ? ?? ? DOES varsa FİİLİN Y YY YALIN şeklini yaz.
DOESYALIN DOES varsa FİİLİN YALIN şeklini yaz. Çağatay driveS Şenay watches tv. Engin carrİES goods Çağatay D DD DOES not D DD DRIVE. Şenay D DD DOES not W WW WATCH. Engin D DD DOES not C CC CARRY. DOES Çağatay D DD DRIVE ? DOES Şenay W WW WATCH ? DOES Engin C CC CARRY ?
startS Our first lesson startS at goES Ali goES to school on foot. liveS Şifanur liveS in İnebolu. getS Berkan getS up at 7.00 a.m. HAS Sefa HAS breakfast at 7.15 a.m. HAS Mesut HAS classes at 8.00 a.m. eatS Şükran eatS lunch at p.m.
startS Our first lesson startS at DOES our first lesson START at 8.30 a.m.? goES Ali goES to school on foot. DOES Ali GO to school on foot ? liveS Şifanur liveS in İnebolu. DOES Şifanur LIVE in İnebolu ?