... konulu sunumlar: "Yapı Kullanım Alıştırmalar"— Sunum transkripti:
1Yapı Kullanım Alıştırmalar Present ContinuousYapıKullanımAlıştırmalar
2Yapı [Özne + am/is/are + Fiil+ing] Örnekler: Positive Negative You are watching TV.Are you watching TV?You are not watching TV.PositiveNegativeQuestionI am speaking.You are speaking.We are speaking.They are speaking.He is speaking.She is speaking.It is speaking.I am not speaking.You are not speaking.We are not speaking.They are not speaking.He is not speaking.She is not speaking.It is not speaking.Am I speaking?Are you speaking?Are we speaking?Are they speaking?Is he speaking?Is she speaking?Is it speaking?
3Yapı Şimdiki Zaman - Zaman Zarfları Present Continuous Tense cümleleri çoğu zaman şu zaman zarflarıyla beraber kullanılır:now, at the moment, today, this evening …etc.
4USE 1Konuşma esnasında devam eden (ya da etmeyen) olayları ifade etmek için kullanılır.Örnekler:You are learning English now.You are not swimming now.Are you sleeping?I am sitting.I am not standing.Is he sitting or standing?They are reading their books.They are not watching television.What are you doing?Why aren't you doing your homework?
5USE 2İngilizce’de “şimdi” demekle bazen içinde bulunulan an değil de, içinde bulunulan dönem, gün, yıl vs. kastedilebilir. Dolaysıyla, “şimdi” ibaresini, “şimdilerde” gibi de düşünmemiz gerekebilir.Örnekler:I am studying to become a doctor.I am not studying to become a dentist.I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.I am not reading any books right now.Are you working on any special projects at work?Aren't you teaching at the university now?
6USE 3Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısıyla, yakın gelecek zamanda olacak bir eylemden bahsedilebilir.(zaman kayması)Örnekler:I am meeting some friends after work.I am not going to the party tonight.Is he visiting his parents next weekend?Isn't he coming with us tonight?
7USE 4Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısının içinde “always” ya da “constantly” kullanarak, bahsi geçen eylemden duyulan rahatsızlığı ima etmiş oluruz.Örnekler:She is always coming to class late.He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.I don't like them because they are always complaining.
8Note: Non- Continuous Verbs İngilizcede bazı fiiller şimdiki zaman yapısıyla kullanılamaz. Bu fiiller Türkçe’deki karşılıklarından bağımsız düşünülmeli ve –ing takısı eklenmemelidir.Örnekler:She is loving this chocolate ice cream. YanlışShe loves this chocolate ice cream. DoğruHe is needing help now. YanlışHe needs help now. DoğruHe is wanting a drink now. YanlışHe wants a drink now. Doğru
9Non-Continuous Verbs Bu özellikteki bazı fiiller: be, want, cost, seem, need, care, contain, owe, exist, possess,own, belong, like, love, hate, dislike, fear, envy, mind...
12Alıştırmalar-1:He _________ hard. (to work) He is working hard. We ____________ anxious. (to feel) We are feeling anxious. 1. I _______________ the questions. (to answer) 2. You ________________ boots. (to wear) 3. We ______________ for work. (to look) 4. She ______________ her friend. (to call) 5. He _______________ a house. (to build) 6. They _______________ supper. (to cook) 7. We ______________ a story. (to tell) 8. You ______________ for the bus. (to wait) 9. I _______________ a book. (to read) 10. They _______________ berries. (to pick)
14Alıştırmalar-3:Present Simple vs. Present Continuous1. At the moment, I __________________ supper. (to cook) 2. He ________________ the paper every weekday. (to read) 3. We ________________ right now. (to study) 4. She ________________ every day. (to study) 5. Now it _______________. (to rain) 6. They ______________ to Mexico every year. (to travel) 7. Just now we ________________ the shopping. (to do) 8. She always ________________ correctly.( to answer) 9. You ________________ never late. (to be) 10. Now I ________________ to the radio. (to listen) 11. Each Sunday, we ________________ the flea market. (to visit) 12. At present, I ________________ for work. (to look)
15References:Puchta H. & Stranks J. (2012) Mind Your English. Cambridge University Press.