Yapı [Özne + am/is/are + Fiil+ ing ] Örnekler: – You are watching TV. – Are you watching TV? – You are not watching TV. PositiveNegativeQuestion I am speaking. You are speaking. We are speaking. They are speaking. He is speaking. She is speaking. It is speaking. I am not speaking. You are not speaking. We are not speaking. They are not speaking. He is not speaking. She is not speaking. It is not speaking. Am I speaking? Are you speaking? Are we speaking? Are they speaking? Is he speaking? Is she speaking? Is it speaking?
Şimdiki Zaman - Zaman Zarfları Present Continuous Tense cümleleri çoğu zaman şu zaman zarflarıyla beraber kullanılır: now, at the moment, today, this evening …etc. Yapı
USE 1 Konuşma esnasında devam eden (ya da etmeyen) olayları ifade etmek için kullanılır. Örnekler: – You are learning English now. – You are not swimming now. – Are you sleeping? – I am sitting. – I am not standing. – Is he sitting or standing? – They are reading their books. – They are not watching television. – What are you doing? – Why aren't you doing your homework?
USE 2 İngilizce’de “şimdi” demekle bazen içinde bulunulan an değil de, içinde bulunulan dönem, gün, yıl vs. kastedilebilir. Dolaysıyla, “şimdi” ibaresini, “şimdilerde” gibi de düşünmemiz gerekebilir. Örnekler: – I am studying to become a doctor. – I am not studying to become a dentist. – I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. – I am not reading any books right now. – Are you working on any special projects at work? – Aren't you teaching at the university now?
Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısıyla, yakın gelecek zamanda olacak bir eylemden bahsedilebilir. (zaman kayması) Örnekler: – I am meeting some friends after work. – I am not going to the party tonight. – Is he visiting his parents next weekend? – Isn't he coming with us tonight? USE 3
USE 4 Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısının içinde “always” ya da “constantly” kullanarak, bahsi geçen eylemden duyulan rahatsızlığı ima etmiş oluruz. Örnekler: – She is always coming to class late. – He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up. – I don't like them because they are always complaining.
Note: Non- Continuous Verbs İngilizcede bazı fiiller şimdiki zaman yapısıyla kullanılamaz. Bu fiiller Türkçe’deki karşılıklarından bağımsız düşünülmeli ve –ing takısı eklenmemelidir. Örnekler: – She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Yanlış – She loves this chocolate ice cream. Doğru – He is needing help now. Yanlış – He needs help now. Doğru – He is wanting a drink now. Yanlış – He wants a drink now. Doğru
Non-Continuous Verbs Bu özellikteki bazı fiiller: be, want, cost, seem, need, care, contain, owe, exist, possess,own, belong, like, love, hate, dislike, fear, envy, mind...
Alıştırmalar-1: He _________ hard. (to work) He is working hard. We ____________ anxious. (to feel) We are feeling anxious. 1. I _______________ the questions. (to answer) 2. You ________________ boots. (to wear) 3. We ______________ for work. (to look) 4. She ______________ her friend. (to call) 5. He _______________ a house. (to build) 6. They _______________ supper. (to cook) 7. We ______________ a story. (to tell) 8. You ______________ for the bus. (to wait) 9. I _______________ a book. (to read) 10. They _______________ berries. (to pick)
1. At the moment, I __________________ supper. (to cook) 2. He ________________ the paper every weekday. (to read) 3. We ________________ right now. (to study) 4. She ________________ every day. (to study) 5. Now it _______________. (to rain) 6. They ______________ to Mexico every year. (to travel) 7. Just now we ________________ the shopping. (to do) 8. She always ________________ correctly.( to answer) 9. You ________________ never late. (to be) 10. Now I ________________ to the radio. (to listen) 11. Each Sunday, we ________________ the flea market. (to visit) 12. At present, I ________________ for work. (to look) Alıştırmalar-3: Present Simple vs. Present Continuous
References: http://www.ansell- uebersetzungen.com/gramex03.html#9 Puchta H. & Stranks J. (2012) Mind Your English. Cambridge University Press.