1(91/676/EEC) “TÜRKİYE’DE NİTRAT DİREKTİFİNİN UYGULANMASI” MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS (MARA)GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF PROTECTION AND CONTROL(91/676/EEC) “TÜRKİYE’DE NİTRAT DİREKTİFİNİN UYGULANMASI”(IMPLEMENTATION OF NITRATE DIRECTIVE IN TURKEY)Basri EVCİFisheries Engineer,MSc.October ANKARA
2TITLES MATRA Project Agricultural Structure in Turkey Nitrates Directive ClausesAdoption of Nitrates DirectiveApplication of Nitrates Directive in Turkey ProjectMATRA ProjectResults of the project
7NUMBER (Million) DISTRIBUTION Total Cattle 10.6 < 1 year 2.6 STOCKBREEDINGNUMBER(Million)DISTRIBUTIONTotal Cattle10.6< 1 year2.6< 2 year2.9> 2 year dairy cattle4.6Other cattle0.5Total Chicken297Broilers238.1Egg58.8Turkey5.9Duck0.8Goose1.3Total Sheep25.3Adults12.6Lamb12.7Goat6.6Donkey0.3Mule0.1Horse0.2
8PROVINCES ACCORDING TO ANIMAL VOLUME (Top-10) (Million) (2005 )CattleSheepGoatPROVINCEnumberERZURUM0.53VAN2.4ANTALYA0.55KONYA0.33ŞANLIURFA1.4MERSIN0.40KARSAĞRIDİYARBAKIR0.240.311.3MUŞ0.22SAMSUN0.301.2ADANA0.20BALIKESİR0.290.7MANİSA0.19SİVASİZMİRAFYONK.MARAŞ0.17AYDIN0.28ŞIRNAKANKARA0.6
12CHEMICAL FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION IN TURKEY Fertilizer consumption vs years
13Chemical Fertilizer and Manure Consumption per Hectare Kg nitrogen /ha agricultural fieldProvinceChemicalManureAdana239.6Balıkesir85.6104.3Bartın76.0Edirne110.6Bolu396.4Hatay158.4Düzce115.5İzmir97.6Erzurum81.5Kahramanmaraş112.980.3Niğde122.2Kocaeli89.2Osmaniye151.5Mersin70.7Sakarya184.888.7Tekirdağ118.0Tunceli75.1
14Hektar başına kimyasal ve hayvansal gübre tüketimi (kg azot/ha tarım alanı.)
15Tarım alanı başına düşen hayvan sayısı (hayvan ünitesi/ha tarım alanı
16Hektar başına hayvansal gübre tüketimi (azot hayvansal/ha)
17Clauses of Nitrates Directive Determination of Polluted WatersDetermination of Vulnerable ZonesGood Agricultural PracticesFor farmersFor environmentPreparation of Action PlanMonitoring Results and ReportingObeying Clauses of Legislation
18ADAPTING NITRATES DIRECTIVE According to EU legislative alignment; “Protection of Water Against Agricultural Nitrate Pollution Bylaw” that corresponds to Nitrates Directive 91/696 EEC, came into force with the Official Gazette dated February 18,2004 numbered
19Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project “Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project”, had been prepared in order to assist application of Nitrates Directive, that was financed within MATRA program of Holland Government; launched in January 2005 and finalized in December 2006.
20Results of Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project
27Average nitrate values of ground waters in 2005-2006 Yer altı suları ortalama nitrat değerleriAverage nitrate values of ground waters in
28Max nitrate values of ground waters in 2005-2006 Yer altı suları maksimum nitrat değerleriMax nitrate values of ground waters in
29Average of Max nitrate values for ground waters in 2005-2006 Yer altı suları maksimum değerlerin ortalaması
30Nitrate concentration ( mg/L) <25 25-40 40-50 >50 Average 86.0 Ground water concentration in stations (% station)Nitrate concentration ( mg/L)<2525-4040-50>50Average86.07.42.64.0Max.69.014.34.312.4
31Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project Documentation Application Plan Document for TurkeyFramework Document for Good Agricultural PracticesSampling – Analysis GuideEutrophication Guide
32Results of Nitrates Directive Application (I) In consideration of year 2005, Nitrate monitoring has been carried out in 548 groundwater, 1026 surface water sampling stations.The application will take a long time because of the climate diversity and area variety and wide and different agricultural applications such as in Turkey.Pollution sourced from excess use of chemical fertilizers and manure is not widespread in national level but the pollution decreases on specific areas.
33Generally, irrigated areas are the potential nitrate pollution areas, Results of Nitrates Directive Application (II)Generally, irrigated areas are the potential nitrate pollution areas,There are manure storage – usage problems iin the areas where intensive cattle and winged animal stockbreeding exist.
34Technical Assistance and Twinning Project Implementation of Nitrate Directive in Turkey Project which is capacity strengthening oriented had been accepted in order to provide application of “Protection of Waters Against Nitrate Pollution By Law” to be supported by EU Pre Accession Financial Assistance.
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