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MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS (MARA) GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF PROTECTION AND CONTROL (91/676/EEC) “TÜRKİYE’DE NİTRAT DİREKTİFİNİN UYGULANMASI”

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... konulu sunumlar: "MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS (MARA) GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF PROTECTION AND CONTROL (91/676/EEC) “TÜRKİYE’DE NİTRAT DİREKTİFİNİN UYGULANMASI”"— Sunum transkripti:

1 MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS (MARA) GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF PROTECTION AND CONTROL (91/676/EEC) “TÜRKİYE’DE NİTRAT DİREKTİFİNİN UYGULANMASI” (IMPLEMENTATION OF NITRATE DIRECTIVE IN TURKEY) Basri EVCİ Fisheries Engineer,MSc. October ANKARA

2 TITLES Nitrates Directive Clauses Agricultural Structure in Turkey Agricultural Structure in Turkey Adoption of Nitrates Directive Adoption of Nitrates Directive Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project MATRA Project Results of the project Results of the project

3 Area (million ha) % of Agricultural area Total Area 66.9 Agricultural Area 21.8 Cereals Vegetables – Flower Permanent crops Fallowing Lands Irrigated Area Natural meadow 14.6 Unused potential areas 1.9 Agricultural Structure

4 Country-wide agricultural area use

5 IRRIGATED AREA IN TURKEY YILSULANAN ALAN (1000 ha)

6 IRRIGATED AREA IN TURKEY Irrigated Area Years

7 STOCKBREEDING NUMBER (Million) DISTRIBUTION NUMBER Total Cattle 10.6 < 1 year 2.6 < 2 year 2.9 > 2 year dairy cattle 4.6 Other cattle 0.5 Total Chicken 297 Broilers Egg 58.8 Turkey 5.9 Duck 0.8 Goose 1.3 Total Sheep 25.3 Adults 12.6 Lamb 12.7 Goat 6.6 Donkey 0.3 Mule 0.1 Horse 0.2

8 PROVINCES ACCORDING TO ANIMAL VOLUME (Top-10) (Million) (2005 ) Cattle SheepGoat PROVINCEnumber PROVINCE number PROVINCE number ERZURUM0.53VAN2.4ANTALYA0.55 KONYA0.33ŞANLIURFA1.4MERSIN0.40 KARS0.33AĞRI1.4DİYARBAKIR0.24 AĞRI0.31KONYA1.3MUŞ0.22 SAMSUN0.30MUŞ1.2ADANA0.20 BALIKESİR0.29ERZURUM0.7MANİSA0.19 SİVAS0.29BALIKESİR0.7İZMİR0.19 AFYON0.29AFYON0.7K.MARAŞ0.17 AYDIN0.28DİYARBAKIR0.7ŞIRNAK0.17 İZMİR0.28ANKARA0.6VAN0.17

9 CATTLE POPULATION IN TURKEY

10 Chicken Turkey ProvinceNumber ProvinceNumber BOLU86.4IZMIR0.64 MERSIN27.5MANISA0.37 BALIKESIR19.3BOLU0.31 SAKARYA17.2ESKISEHIR0.27 DÜZCE16.2SANLIURFA0.18 MANISA12.9DIYARBAKIR0.15 KOCAELI12.1MUS0.11 KONYA11.6VAN0.11 ÇANAKKALE11.1KARAMAN0.11 IZMIR7.2K.MARAS0.08

11 CHICKEN POPULATION IN TURKEY

12 CHEMICAL FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION IN TURKEY Fertilizer consumption vs years

13 ProvinceChemicalProvinceManure Adana239.6Balıkesir85.6 Balıkesir104.3Bartın76.0 Edirne110.6Bolu396.4 Hatay158.4Düzce115.5 İzmir97.6Erzurum81.5 Kahramanmaraş112.9İzmir80.3 Niğde122.2Kocaeli89.2 Osmaniye151.5Mersin70.7 Sakarya184.8Sakarya88.7 Tekirdağ118.0Tunceli75.1 Chemical Fertilizer and Manure Consumption per Hectare Kg nitrogen /ha agricultural field

14 Hektar başına kimyasal ve hayvansal gübre tüketimi (kg azot/ha tarım alanı.)

15 Tarım alanı başına düşen hayvan sayısı (hayvan ünitesi/ha tarım alanı.)

16 Hektar başına hayvansal gübre tüketimi (azot hayvansal/ha)

17 Clauses of Nitrates Directive Determination of Polluted Waters Determination of Vulnerable Zones Good Agricultural Practices –For farmers –For environment Preparation of Action Plan Monitoring Results and Reporting Obeying Clauses of Legislation

18 ADAPTING NITRATES DIRECTIVE ADAPTING NITRATES DIRECTIVE According to EU legislative alignment; “Protection of Water Against Agricultural Nitrate Pollution Bylaw” that corresponds to Nitrates Directive 91/696 EEC, came into force with the Official Gazette dated February 18,2004 numbered

19 Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project “Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project”, had been prepared in order to assist application of Nitrates Directive, that was financed within MATRA program of Holland Government; launched in January 2005 and finalized in December 2006.

20 Results of Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project

21 Nitrate (surface waters / ground waters) monitoring sampling stations

22 Average nitrate values for surface waters in

23 Max nitrate values for surface waters in

24 Average of average nitrate values of surface waters

25 Average of max nitrate values of surface waters

26 Nitrate Concentration in surface waters (% station) Nitrate Concentration (mg/ L) < >50 Average % Max %

27 Average nitrate values of ground waters in

28 Max nitrate values of ground waters in

29 Average of Max nitrate values for ground waters in

30 Ground water concentration in stations (% station) Nitrate concentration ( mg/L) < >50 Average Max

31 Application of Nitrates Directive in Turkey Project Documentation Application Plan Document for Turkey Framework Document for Good Agricultural Practices Sampling – Analysis Guide Eutrophication Guide

32  In consideration of year 2005, Nitrate monitoring has been carried out in 548 groundwater, 1026 surface water sampling stations.  The application will take a long time because of the climate diversity and area variety and wide and different agricultural applications such as in Turkey.  Pollution sourced from excess use of chemical fertilizers and manure is not widespread in national level but the pollution decreases on specific areas. Results of Nitrates Directive Application (I)

33  Generally, irrigated areas are the potential nitrate pollution areas,  There are manure storage – usage problems iin the areas where intensive cattle and winged animal stockbreeding exist. Results of Nitrates Directive Application (II)

34 Technical Assistance and Twinning Project Implementation of Nitrate Directive in Turkey Project which is capacity strengthening oriented had been accepted in order to provide application of “Protection of Waters Against Nitrate Pollution By Law” to be supported by EU Pre Accession Financial Assistance.

35 TEŞEKKÜRLER (THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTİON)


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