1ETI 301 Neslihan Kansu-Yetkiner FIGURES OF SPEECHETI 301Neslihan Kansu-Yetkiner
2A figure of speech is a verbal expression in which words or sounds are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect.Figures of speech are organized into different categories, such as alliteration, assonance, metaphor, metonymy, onomatopoeia, simile, and synecdoche.
3Three kinds of ryhme Generally there are three kinds of rhyme: Begining ryhme-or alliterationMiddle ryhme or assonanceEnd ryhme
4AlliterationAlliteration is the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.“Sessizliğin sesi, sensizliğin sesidir benim için”.
5Laughing LionsLaughing lions laugh like jumping jaguars on top of talking trees. When the talking trees start talking, the joking jaguars fall off.By Rachel
6AssonanceAssonance is the repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences.For example, in the phrase "Do you like blue?", the /uː/ ("o"/"ou"/"ue" sound) is repeated within the sentence and is assonant.
7on a proud round cloud in white high night — E.E. Cummings
8SimileIt is a figure of speech in which two fundamentally unlike things are explicitly compared, usually in a phrase introduced by like or as.
10SENİ DÜŞÜNMEK Seni düşünmek güzel şey, ümitli şey, Dünyanın en güzel sesinden En güzel şarkıyı dinlemek gibi birşey... Fakat artık ümit yetmiyor bana, Ben artık şarkı dinlemek değil, Şarkı söylemek istiyorum. NAZIM HİKMET RAN
11MetaphorA metaphor is a figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common.Metaphor is a device for seeing something in terms of something else. It brings out the thisness of a that, or the thatness of a this."
12“TURKEY WILL BE VIAGRA FOR EUROPE” “TURKEY WILL BE VIAGRA FOR EUROPE”. “Aslanlarımız düşmanı İzmir’de denize döktü”. A lifetime is a day, death is sleep; A lifetime is a year, death is winter.. Life is a struggle, Dying is losing a contest against an adversary.. Life is a precious possession, Death is a loss.. Time is a thief..
13HyperboleHyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally.
14It is going to take zillion years to get through Medical School. I ate the whole cow.He's 900 years old. I am so hungry I could eat a horse.There are millions of other things to do.Running faster than the speed of light.You could be Miss Universe.It took light years for this to work.I waited in line for centuries."Bir gün doludizgin boşanan atlarımızla Yerden yedi kat Arş'a kanatlandık o hızla "
15UnderstatementUnderstatement is a form of speech which contains an expression of less strength than what would be expected.You have taken ten exams in school and passed them all with a score of 100%. Someone asks you:'How did you do on your test?'You answer:'I did OK.'
16ImageryEssentially, there are five types of imagery, each corresponding to one of our senses: visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory (smell), and gustatory(taste).The key to good imagery is engaging all five senses.Here are some examples of words specific to the five sensory systems:visual, auditory,tactile (touch), olfactory (smell), and gustatory(taste).
17PreludeThe winter evening settles downWith smell of steaks in passageways.Six o'clock.The burnt-out ends of smoky days.And now a gusty shower wrapsThe grimy scraps of withered leaves about your feetAnd newspapers from vacant lots;The showers beat on broken blinds and chimney-pots,And at the corner of the streetA lonely cab-horse steams and stamps.And then the lighting of the lamps.By T.S. Eliot
18İmge Bayramı Sesi geliyor Gönlümdeki şelalenin Kara saçların aklımdaysa,Kokuveriyor binbir kırçiçeğiBuğday tenin kanımdaysaBitiyor yanımda mavi denizTuzlu, yumuşak dudakların dudağımdaysa
19OXYMORON (TEZAT)An oxymoron (plural oxymorons or oxymora) is a figure of speech that combines normally-contradictory terms.Korkunç güzel,İğrenç güzel"And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true."
20Karlı bir yaz gününde Genç bir ihtiyar Yaşayan oğlunun ölümüne Kahkalarla ağlıyordu.
21MetonymyA figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty").Metonymy uses something more generally or loosely associated with a concept to stand in for it. When Americans speak of the Oval Office, for example, they are really referring to the activity within it, the position or function of the President. It’s a linked term, and so a metonym.British writers refer similarly to the Crown, when they’re really discussing the powers, authority and responsibilities of the monarchy, which is symbolised by the crown.“Akıllı olmazsan, o kalemi kırarlar” İbrahim Tatlıses.Çankaya, gerginliğin ardından ilk açıklamasını yaptı.
22The pen is mightier than the sword. We have always remained loyal to the crown.
23Synecdoche Etymologically it means "shared understanding“ (Greek). A figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole (for example, ABCs for alphabet) or the whole for a part ("England won the World Cup in 1966").
24Let’s the hands go to dinner!!! Sarı kafayı gördün mü?Ojeli tırnaklara karşı nasırlı eller!!
25OnomatopoeiaOnomatopoeia is a figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. Examples of onomatopoeic words can be found in numerous Nursery Rhymes e.g. Baa, Baa Black Sheep, clippety-clop and cock-a-doodle-do.
27EuphemismThe substitution of an inoffensive term (such as "passed away") for one considered offensively explicit ("died"). Contrast with dysphemism.
28Instead of Ölmek-Ebediyete intikal etmekEbedi istirahata dalmak,Son uykusuna yatmakTerk-i diyar eylemekRahmetli olmak,Hayatını kaybetmek,Öbür dünyaya göç etmek,Sonsuz yolculuğa çıkmak
29Dysphemism -Tahtalı köyü boylamak -Nalları dikmek -Gebermek -Topu dikmek???
30PersonificationA figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is given human qualities or abilities."Wind yells while blowing"
31STARS Stars, bring me up with you Bring me to the place you sleep STARS Stars, bring me up with you Bring me to the place you sleep. How do you do it? Bring me to your home. Bring your thoughts to me. Share them with me. By Alex
32Pun (Ündeş/Cinas)The pun, or paronomasia, is a form of word play which exploits numerous meanings of a statement, allowing it to be understood in multiple ways for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
33KARNEİnsan ile kemali düşün;Olur mu hiç kırık olmadan?İnsan ile sevdayı düşün;Olur mu hıçkırık olmadanE. Şama
34TOPLUM ADAYISevecen, babacan, sempatik, candan,Elinde kocaman bir bal tası var;Hak etmiş bir toplum adayı olur.Gördük ki seçilmiş, iş başı yapmışElinde kocaman bir baltası var;Hak etmiş bir topluma dayı olurEkrem Şama
35TABANCA Azıtmıştı, yıllardır halkı soydu, Sesi çıkan tabancaydı, çalıştı; Bir daha ayağa hiç kalkamadı… Seçilmişti, yıllardır halkı soydu, Sesi çıkan taban caydı, çalıştı; Bir daha ayağa hiç kalkamadı Ekrem Şama
36Funny PunsWhere do you find giant snails? On the ends of giants’ fingersDon't justify sin, just defy sin.When two egotists meet, it's an I for an I.A hole has been found in the nudist camp wall. The police are looking into it.We are not homosapiens any more. We have turned out to be homozapiens.
37Some exercises The face of beloved-5 imageries -Chilhood-metaphor, simile