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İnternet ve Eğitim Mustafa Akgül Bilkent Ü./ INETD/ LKD

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... konulu sunumlar: "İnternet ve Eğitim Mustafa Akgül Bilkent Ü./ INETD/ LKD"— Sunum transkripti:

1 İnternet ve Eğitim Mustafa Akgül Bilkent Ü./ INETD/ LKD

2 Özet  Eğitim ve Eğitimde BT  Bilgi Teknolojileri  Alternatif Yaklaşımlar  Dünya Deneyimleri  Açık Kaynak Yazılımlar

3 Gereksinim •Globalization of •Economy •Information • Tech Innovations • Knowledge-based •Economy •Society •Escalating Demand for Education Effective Learning For All Anytime Anywhere

4 Hangi BT/Amaca uygun? xxxConstructing or design of project xxxxxEvaluation xxAnalysis xxxApplication xxxxxExploration xxxxxStorage or display InternetComputerVideoAudioText TechnologyLearning Objective

5 Ögretme amaçlarına göre BT • xxxManagement of student learning xnetworkedCollaboration/ communication xxxxxResearch xxAnimation and simulation xx(e.g., Language lab) ‏ xDrill and practice xxxxxDemonstration xxxxxPresentation InternetComputerVideoAudioText TechnologyTeaching Objective

6 • WebcastComputer projection Web: Internet, intranetCDs Web pagesDigital books TV broadcastsFilms and videos RadioAudiotapes Digital notepads and white boards Scanners Slides, transparencies CorrespondencePrinted matter Technologies at a DistanceTechnologies on Location Sınıf – Uzak mesafe

7 Potential Of ICTs Access Efficiency Learning Teaching Skill Formation Lifelong Learning Planning & Management Community Linkages

8 BT'nin Potansiyeli: 1. Egitimsel olanakların genişlemesi •Radio Broadcast •Interactive Radio Instruction •Television •Virtual Schools •Virtual Universities

9 2. Etkinliğin artması Issues  Dual Shift Systems  Multigrade Schools  Small Urban or Rural Schools  Flexibility in Learning Schedule Solutions  Broadcast Radio  Interactive Radio  Educational TV  Virtual Online Courses

10 3. Öğrenmenin kalitesine katkı Potential •Motivate and engage learners •Bring life to concepts and processes •Foster inquiry •Provide flexibility •Allow application of information •Provide access to world of information •Bring the world into the classroom •Offer collaborative opportunities and communication •Offer tutored and individualized learning Solutions •Radio and TV •Multimedia Learning Modules •Virtual Labs •Connecting to the Worlds •Designing and Creating Things

11 4. Kaliteli öğretime katkı Issues •Difficult Profession •No One-Shot Training •Continuum  Initial Training  Lifelong Upgrading  Connecting Solutions •Multimedia Training and Support System •Training Videos •Teacher Development Portal •Internet Resources for Teachers

12 5. beceri •New Workplace Realities •E-Training  Just-in-Time  Convenient Place  Up-to-Pate  User-centric Solutions  Simulations  Competency-based multi-media  Video and Interactive media  Workplace Training

13 6. Sustaining Lifelong Learning Issues  Workers need to learn new skills  Modern societies demand constant updating  The “educated” can become obsolete  Life-cycle pattern is changing Solutions  Radio and TV  Multimedia Packages  Online Courses  Open Universities  “Third Age” Universities

14 7. Improving Policy Planning & Management •Management of Institutions and Systems –School: Admissions, student flow, personnel, staff development, facilities… –System: School mapping, personnel payroll, MIS, communication, information,... •Management of Policy Making –Storage and analysis of data –Construction and assessment of policy scenarios –Tracer studies and tracking systems

15 8. Advancing Community Linkages Growth in ICT Access Millions

16 8. Advancing Community Linkages Telephones, Cellular phones and PCs per 1,000 inhabitants AfricaAmerica w/o US & Canada US and CanadaAsiaEuropeOceaniaWORLD Telephone subscribers/100 Inhabitants Cellular subscribers/100 Inhabitants PCs/100 inhabitants

17 8. Advancing Community Linkages Internet hosts and users per 10,000 inhabitants AfricaAmerica w/o US & Canada US and CanadaAsiaEuropeOceaniaWORLD Internet Hosts/10,000 inhabitants Internet Users/10,000 inhabitants

18 8. Advancing Community Linkages •BT'ye erişim bölgeler/ülkeler arasında farklı •Kadın-erkek arasında da fark var •BT'ye erişim eşitleyici, fakirlikten kaçışa imkan •Herkesin BT'ye erişebilmesi için –altyapı –maliyet/fiyat –Yasal düzenlemeler

19 Telecenters

20 Women-Friendly Telecenters •Within accepted culture; fosters harmony •Women do not have to travel far •Center meets needs of men and women •No childcare problem •Space is roomy and provides privacy •Staff is well integrated

21 From Potential to Effectiveness 1.Educational Policy 2.Approach to ICTs 3.Infrastructure 4.ICT-Enhanced Content 5.Committed and Trained Personnel 6.Financial Resources 7.Integration 8.Piloting and Evaluation

22 Conclusion •To Tech or not to Tech Education •ICT ―― ► Education More Effective and Responsive ICTs X 

23 “We do not think anymore of the spectacle of printing every time we read a book, the phenomenon of TV every time we watch a movie, or the miracle of the telephone every time we make a call. The ultimate success of ICTs for learning will be attained when we stop marveling about the ICTs and apply our minds and emotions to the wonders of learning.”

24 İnternet •1.3 milyar kullanıcı, 550 milyon kayıtlı bilgisayar, •158M web, 150M alan adı, 100Milyar sayfa, 60 M blog/kisisel sayfa, 100M video •27% internet kullanıcı,20 Milyon •%70 kullanmamış, %22 duymamış •Kadınlar %80, kırsalda %90

25 İnternet-bilgi toplumu • Bilgi üretim faktörü oldu • Internet bilgi toplumu •Bilgi: bilimsel, teknoloji, ar-ge, inovasyon, patent, knowhow, örtük •Internet eşitleyici •Bilgisayar-internet “her eve lazım” •Bilgiye erişim yurttaşlık hakkı

26 İnternet2, 100$ laptop • Internet bireyi özgürleştiriyor • Wiki, blog, rss, sosyal ağlar • gazete,matbaa, radyo, tv – kolay, ucuz ve hızlı •100$ laptop- her cocuga laptop •Maine ve tacikistan deneyleri •Dagıtılmak için, kol gücü, kendi ağı

27 Açık kaynak yazılımlar • Değiştirme, uyarlama, dağıtma (imece üretim) ‏ • 230K proje, 2.2 M geliştirici –GNU/UNESCO: yazılım directory.fsf.org • sf.net, freshmeat.net • Eşdeğer yazılımlar: acik-kaynak.org.tr, • Firefox, thunderbird, openoffice.org • “live cd”, çoklu “boot”, sanallaştırma

28 28 Eğitim ve açık kaynak •sf.net: egitim: 5200, CAI: 852, kütüp: 500, test:500 •sci/eng: 15700, multimedia: 16K, oyun/eg: 17K, •internet: 30K, yazilim geliştirme: 30K, masaustu: 4K •Astronomi: 305, kimya: 318, cevre: 108, yer: 300, •fizik: 690, matematik: 2000, tip: 550, elek: 400 •freshmeat.net egit: 1200, oyun: 3300,bilim/muh: 3500 •GNU/Unesco: 5300+, moodle, manhattan virtual classrom, whiteboard, atutor

29 29 Eğitim ve açık kaynak-II •k12os.org: k12linux.org, k12ltsp.org, k12edcom.org ocw • oedb.org: online education database •schoolforge.net: koalisyon; curriki, wikiversity •SEUL/EDU, richtech.ca/seul/, 700+ •OCW-mit: hopkins, irvine, utah, tuft, notre dame, rice •ocw-con. osef.org, gnacademy.org, schoolforge.net • wikipedia, citizendium, stanford felsefe, connextions •gutenberg, linux, openoffice, mozilla, google

30 sourceforge.net - sf.net

31 eduforge.net

32 •Açık kaynak kod –Portal  •Joomla: •Drupal: –LMS  •Moodle: •Atutor: •Dokeos:

33 Levels of ICTs Constructing or design of Project Evaluation Analysis Application Exploration Storage or display Passive ACTIVE LEARNER’S ROLE Levels of ICTs for Different Learning Objectives and Roles of Learners LEARNING OBJECTIVE

34 Levels of ICTs for Different Teaching Uses and Roles of Teachers Levels of ICTs Management of Student Learning Collaboration/Co mmunication Research Animation/ Simulation Drill & Practice Demonstration Presentation Provider Facilitator TEACHER’S ROLE TEACHING OBJECTIVE Go Back

35 Infrastructure Namibia Schoolnet Pedal Power Generator Solar Energy Wind Power Generator Go Back

36 Türkiye'de • Şirketler • Universiteler • MEB • Bilgi toplumu stratejisi • KIEM • Virtual universite • “virtual lise” • intel-microsoft

37 ICT for Education An Overview Prepared by Wadi D. Haddad


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