... konulu sunumlar: "I’m going to visit my uncle for a couple of days"— Sunum transkripti:
1 a couple of = (sayılabilen unsurlarla kullanılır) birkaç, iki üç, a few I’m going to visit my uncle for a couple of days. I wish I could stay with him longer.
2 a great / good deal (of) = (sayılamayan unsurlarla kullanılır) oldukça fazla, çok, a lot, much, zıt anl.= a little, a bitMy mother had to spend a great / good deal of time and effort to prepare the dinner for the guests (misafir).
3 a number of = (sayılabilen unsurlarla kullanılır) çok sayıda, (belli) bir miktar(da), a lot of, plenty ofThere were a number of parents waiting outside the classroom to talk to the teacher.
4 above all = hepsinden ziyade, en başta, mostly Above all, I’d like to thank our readers for their support (destek).
5 abandoned = terk edilmiş, boş, (bina için) viran halde, desolate, zıt anl.= occupied The fugitive (kaçak) stayed at an abandoned house for a few days until the police found him.
6 absolutely (zarf) = tamamen, kesinlikle, totally, definitely The film was absolutely amazing. I must see it again soon!- “Are you coming with us?” - “Absolutely.”absolute (sıfat) = 1) tam, halis, saf, mutlak, pure, zıt anl.= imperfect; 2) (bir şeyin) hepsi, tamamı, complete, zıt anl.= limitedThe mother puts absolute pressure on her children. They don’t even leave the room without her permission.
7 absent (sıfat) = yok, mevcut değil, unavailable, zıt anl absent (sıfat) = yok, mevcut değil, unavailable, zıt anl.= present, availableCan is ill at home. So he is absent from class today.absence (isim) = yokluk, bulunmama, zıt anl.= presence, existenceHande will be in charge (sorumlu) of the sales department in Canan’s absence.
8 accelerate = hızlan(dır)mak, ivme kazan(dır)mak, speed up, zıt anl accelerate = hızlan(dır)mak, ivme kazan(dır)mak, speed up, zıt anl.= decelerate, retardReducing (düşürmek) the prices could help accelerate the sales.Accelerate fiilinin bir diğer anlamı ise, ‘gaza basmak’tır:Do not accelerate. There’s a speed limit on this road.
9 accommodation (isim) = konaklama The tuition fee (okul ücreti) includes the books, but not the accommodation. I have to arrange (ayarlamak) it myself, and I don’t know where I’ll be staying yet.accommodate (fiil) = 1) yer / yaşam alanı sağlamak, be home to; 2) (ihtiyaçlarına) cevap vermek, hizmet etmek, serveThe jury will be accommodated in a nearby hotel during the trial (muhakeme / yargılama) period.The dormitory (yurt) cannot fully accommodate the students. That’s why it is going to be enlarged (genişletilmek).
10 access = girmek, nüfuz etmek, enter You can access the roof (çatı) from the bedroom upstairs (yukarı kat).
11 accomplish = başarmak, (zorlu bir uğraştan sonra) elde etmek, kazanmak, achieve, zıt anl.= fail, lose, quitMission accomplished. = Görev başarıyla tamamlandı.We have accomplished all we set out to do. = Yola çıkarken koyduğumuz bütün hedeflere ulaştık.
12 abolish (fiil) = kaldırmak, feshetmek, cancel, get rid of, zıt anl abolish (fiil) = kaldırmak, feshetmek, cancel, get rid of, zıt anl.= establishSultanate (Saltanat) was abolished on November 1, 1922 in Turkey.abolition (isim) = (ortadan) kaldırma, ilga, fesih, cancellation, repulsionSome parents (veli) have written to the Meadows school administration (idare) against (karşı) the abolition of their school library and the decision to make the librarian redundant (kütüphane memurunu işten çıkarmak).
13 abundantly (zarf) = bolca, büyük miktarda, copiously, profusely, zıt anl.= rarely, scarcely Calcium is found most abundantly in milk.abundance (isim) = bolluk, çokluk, zenginlik, copiousness, wealth, zıt anl.= rarity, scarcityThere was an abundance of beverages (içecek) at the party. = Beverages were in abundance at the party.
14 be concerned with = (bir şey) ile ilgili / alakalı olmak, (bir şey)’i konu etmek, be about, deal withThe director’s latest documentary (belgesel) is concerned with famine (kuraklık) in Africa.
15 caution (fiil) = uyarmak, ikaz etmek, warn My mother’s cautioned me not to step on the parquet of the living room as the polish (cila) hadn’t dried (kurumak) yet.
16 deliver = teslim etmek, vermek, bırakmak, dağıtmak, mesaj iletmek, transfer, hand over, distribute, send, zıt anl.= keep, retainFollowing his complaint (şikayet), the airline delivered the lost luggage (bagaj) to Jason’s flat.
17 hostile = düşmanca, düşman, saldırgan, karşı olan, aggressive, antagonistic, adversary, zıt anl.= friendlyThe leader of the political party was obviously uncomfortable (rahatsız) while addressing (konuşma yapmak, hitap etmek) the hostile crowd that was angrily shouting at him.
18 ignorant = bilgisiz, cahil, görgüsüz, unlearned, unaware, rude The famous actor couldn’t even answer some basic questions about his country’s history. He was unbelievably (inanılmaz derecede) ignorant.We were embarrassed (mahcup olmak) by her ignorant manners (tavır, davranış) at the lunch table.ignore = dikkate almamak, göz ardı etmek, disregard, dismiss, zıt anl.= know, notice, pay attention (to)Safety regulations are being ignored by company managers in the drive to increase profits. = Güvenlik önlemleri, şirket müdürleri tarafından, karları arttırma dürtüsüyle göz ardı ediliyor.
19 judge = yargılamak, hüküm vermek, değerlendirmek, decide, conclude, evaluate, appraise Judging by the tone of his voice on the telephone, I immediately understood that something bad had happened.
20 lack = (bir şey)’den yoksun olmak, mahrum olmak, be short of, be without, zıt anl.= have, own He might have a university degree in architecture (mimarlık), but he lacks the vision and enthusiasm (şevk) to become a popular architect.
21 moderate = ılımlı, orta, ölçülü, sınırlı, reasonable, zıt anl moderate = ılımlı, orta, ölçülü, sınırlı, reasonable, zıt anl.= extremeSue was neither exceptional (olağanüstü) nor unsuccessful as a student. She was just moderate.
22 upset = 1) bozmak, altüst etmek, disturb, disrupt; 2) üzmek, sinirlendirmek, bother, afflict 1) The apartment blocks seriously upset the peaceful (huzur verici) landscape (manzara).2) My mother’s negative remarks (söz, yorum) about my husband have been upsetting me. She had better (...sa iyi olur) change her attitude (tavır).upsetting = üzücü, üzüntü veren, sinir bozucu, annoying, hurtful, distressing, zıt anl.= pleasingThe news about the casualties (kazazede) of the attack is pretty (oldukça) upsetting as there seems to be almost no hope of recovery (kurtuluş).
23 withdraw (from) = 1) geri çek(il)mek, retreat, zıt anl withdraw (from) = 1) geri çek(il)mek, retreat, zıt anl.= attack, assault;2) (para) çekmek; 3) (ilacı vs.) kesmek1) The US government has stated that it will have withdrawn its soldiers from Iraq by 2010.1) Tim’s broken ankle (bilek) made him withdraw from today’s baseball game.2) Could I withdraw 500 TL from my account please?3) When she withdrew the drug (ilaç), her symptoms (hastalık belirtisi) reappeared.
24 yield = verim, kar, kazanç, sonuç, ürün, output, production Unfortunately, owing to (yüzünden) the dry weather conditions, farmers aren’t expecting (beklemek) a high yield this autumn (sonbahar).
25 vaguely = tam anlamını vermeyecek şekilde, belli belirsiz, ambiguously, zıt anl.= clearly, explicitlyI’d just woken up when Ron phoned me, so I vaguely remember what we talked about.
26 accidentally = kazara, yanlışlıkla, tesadüfen, unintentionally, zıt anl.= deliberately, on purpose I accidentally broke my aunt’s antique vase (vazo). Now, I have to make up for (telafi etmek) it.
27 accordingly = dolayısıyla, bu nedenle, so, consequently She had been suffering from severe (şiddetli) back pain (sırt ağrısı) and accordingly consulted (danışmak / görünmek) a doctor.Accordingly zarfının bir diğer anlamı ise, ‘ona göre, öyle’dir:I’ll wait until I have heard from her and act accordingly. = Ondan haber alana kadar bekleyeceğim ve ona göre hareket edeceğim.
28 abuse = kötüye kullanmak, suiistimal etmek, aşırı kullanmak, misuse, mistreat, spoil, zıt anl.= defend, respectIf you abuse alcohol, you can end up being an alcoholic. = ...alkolik olup çıkacaksın.
29 accompany = (birine) eşlik etmek, (bir şey)’in beraberinde gelmek / bulunmak, come / go with, be associated withCould you accompany me back to my flat please? It is dark and I’m scared (korkmak) to walk alone.
30 make out = 1) (bir şeyin ne olduğunu) kestirmek, çıkarmak, seçmek, anlamak, çözmek, perceive, understand; 2) başarmak, be successful1) The man was obviously (açıkça) trying to tell me something but I couldn’t make out his Welsh (Galler, Galli) accent (aksan).2) It is usually challenging (zorlayıcı) for students to make out in a new school.
31 make use of = kullanmak, yararlanmak, utilise, benefit from, zıt anl make use of = kullanmak, yararlanmak, utilise, benefit from, zıt anl.= make no use ofYou don’t need to build a shed (müştemilat) in the garden. You could make use of the spare (boş) room to put the exercise machines in.
32 make do with = (bir şey) ile yetinmek / idare etmek, subsist, get by I sometimes make do with a cup of tea when I don’t have time for breakfast in the mornings.
33 make up for = (kaybedilen veya eksik kalan bir şeyi) tamamlamak, yerine koymak, kapatmak, telafi etmek, compensate forI missed my nephew Jack’s birthday party, but to make up for it I’m going to take him to his favourite band’s concert.
34 casually = gelişigüzel, dikkat ve özen göstermeden, ilgisiz bir şekilde He glanced casually at the headlines of the paper. = Gazetenin başlıklarına ilgisiz bir şekilde / şöyle bir göz attı.
35 randomly = rastgele, belli bir plan ya da yönteme bağlı kalmaksızın, haphazardly, every which way The houses in the area were randomly scattered (dağılmak).
36 haphazardly = rastgele, gelişigüzel, rastlantısal, randomly, arbitrarily The garden was neglected (ihmal edilmek). You could see flowers growing haphazardly here and there.
37 misuse = kötü / yanlış kullanmak, suiistimal etmek, kötü muamele etmek, misapply, abuse
38 spoil = 1) bozmak, berbat / harap etmek, impair; 2) şımartmak, featherbed 1) The open-air concert was spoilt by the rain.2) I am an only child (ailenin tek çocuğu) but my parents didn’t really spoil me.
39 take advantage of = (bir şey)’i fırsat bilmek, (bir şey)’den yararlanmak, sömürmek, suiistimal etmek, abuse, capitalise, trepassYou’re taking advantage of my good will (iyi niyet).