Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz

Sunum yükleniyor. Lütfen bekleyiniz

Hazırlayan: SUZAN AYDIN. Olumlu: subject + have/has + past participle (V3) She/He/It has eaten her breakfast. I/We/They/You have seen the film.

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... konulu sunumlar: "Hazırlayan: SUZAN AYDIN. Olumlu: subject + have/has + past participle (V3) She/He/It has eaten her breakfast. I/We/They/You have seen the film."— Sunum transkripti:

1 Hazırlayan: SUZAN AYDIN

2 Olumlu: subject + have/has + past participle (V3) She/He/It has eaten her breakfast. I/We/They/You have seen the film.

3 Olumsuz: Subject + Have/Has + not + Past Participle (V3) He/She/It hasn’t eaten anything. I/We/They/You haven’t seen the film.

4 Soru: Have/Has + subject + Past participle (V3) Has he/she/it eaten anything since morning? Have I/we/they/ you seen the film?

5 Biz bu konuyu 2 grupta inceleyebiliriz: 1)Geçmiş Zaman 2) Geçmişten günümüze gelen olaylardan bahsederken

6 A B Geçmiş Zaman ancak zaman belirtilmemiş Geçmiş zaman ve zaman belirtilmiş Have you ever seen a camel?Did you see a camel last year? Have you ever killed a bird?Did you kill a bird yesterday? Has Suat made an operation?Did Suat make an operation last night? Have you ever smoked?Did you smoke yesterday? Has he written an article?Did he write an article on Monday

7 Geçmiş zamanda olmuş ama şimdiki zamanla bir şekilde ilişkisi olan olayları anlatmak için kullanılır. Böyle bir durumda hem geçmiş zamanı, hem de şimdiki zamanı aynı anda göz önünde bulundurmak gerekir. Past Now Ex: I can´t finish my thesis because I have lost all my notes Notlarımı kaybettim Notlarımı kaybetmiş olmamdan dolayı şimdi tezimi bitiremiyorum

8 Olayın geçmişte ne zaman ve nerede olduğu gibi ayrıntıların verildiği cümlelerde present perfect tense DEĞİL simple past tense tercih edilmelidir EX: I …….school when I was eighteen A) Left (doğru)B) Have left (yanlış)

9 Yakın geçmişte (recent events) olan biten bir olay ya da haberi zaman bildirmeden present perfect tense kullanarak ifade edebiliriz EX: I have seen that film before. Let´s go to another movie

10 Geçmişten bugüne doğru ilerleyen zaman dilimi içinde tekrara uğramış olayları ifade etmek için present perfect tense kullanılabilir. EX: I have had three exams so far this semester. Semester startedToday 1st exam2nd exam3rd exam

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12 This is + superlative + Present Perfect This is the most important exam I have ever had. She is the most hardworking student I have ever met.

13 It is the first (second, third…) time + Present perfect This is the first time it has rained that much. This is the fifth book I have read this summer.

14 Gone to, Been to Kişi gittiği yerde bulunuyorsa henüz oradan dönmemişse veya o yere gitmek üzere yoldaysa gone to kullanılır. They are on holiday. They have gone to Rome.

15 Eğer kişi gittiği yerden dönmüşse ve o kişinin o yerde konuşma anından önce bir zamanlar bulunduğu anlatılmak isteniyorsa been to kullanılır. She has never been abroad I have been to the Philippines three times

16 Examples Someone …………stolen my cheque book

17 Answer - has

18 I ………left my books in the class

19 Answer: -have

20 EXERCISE 1 Write past participle form. watch ……………….. clean ………………... see …………………... take ………………….. paint ………………… move ………………… send …………………. close …………………. make ………………… bring ……………….... open …………………. forget ………………… read ……………….... repair ……………….. wash ………………... give …………………. sail ………………….. run ………………….. win ……………….. miss ………………. get ………………… buy ……………….. steal ………………. eat ………………… catch …………… begin …………… meet …………… wait …………. … pay …………….. break …………...

21 QUESTIONS!!! HAVE/HAS YOU EVER + PAST PARTICIPLE ….…? EXERCISE 2 Fill with Present Perfect form of have-has. 1.I ………. already talked to Mark 2.Robert ……… just finished his lessons. 3. We ……… already visited aunt Sally. 4. The Browns …... gone to the seaside. 5. My best friend …… just moved abroad. 6. Monica ……. cut her finger. 7. It …… just stopped rainning. 8. You …… already made two mistakes. 9. Mr Howard ’ s children …… just returned from holiday. 10. My mum …… already cooked dinner..

22 EXERCISE 3 Write right form of verbs in Pr. Perfect.. 1 George / just/clean/his room ………………………………………………… You / already / eat / your lunch. ………………………………………………… We / miss / our bus. ………………………………………………… I / just / take /a photo. ………………………………………………… Mr Grey / already / open his shop. ………………………………………………… The thief / steal / our money. ………………………………………………… She / forget / my phone number. ………………………………………………… Ann and Sue / watch / the game. ……………………………………………………… ………………………………………………… My parents / buy / a new house. ………………………………………………… He / just / read / the long story.

23 EXERCISE 5. Write questions in Present Perfect. 1. It has started to rain..…………………………………………..…… ? 2. We have taken umbrellas. …….……………………………………..…… ? 3. You have forgotten your raincoats. …………………….……………..…………… ? 4. I have never played tennis in my life. ……………………………………………… ? 5. My have parents already got up. ……………………………………………...… ? 6. Tom has already seen this film. ……………………………………………...… ? 7. He hasn’t seen his mother since May. ….………………………………………...… ? 8. I have never drunk such strong coffee before. ….………………………………...… ? 9.I have been at post office since two o’clock. ……………………………………...… ? 10.It is the first time I have eaten sushi ……………………………………………...… ?


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