... konulu sunumlar: "Geçmişte yapmış olduğumuz eylemleri, olayları anlatırken kullanılır."— Sunum transkripti:
Geçmişte yapmış olduğumuz eylemleri, olayları anlatırken kullanılır.
QUESTION FORM +Subject+ +Object + Place & Time Adverbials ? DID VERB1
She went to Istanbul two last week. She didn’t go to Istanbul last week. Did she go to Istanbul last week? Did you do your homework? Yes,I did.No,I didn’t
I You She He It We You They was at home yesterday. were in an exam this morning. was ill last week. was in France last month. was sunny yesterday. were on holiday last July. were very noisy during the lesson. were in a cafe last night.
Doruk/yesterday/be/in bed Doruk was in bed yesterday because he was ill. last summer/Emre/America/be Emre was in America last summer.
Where were Begüm and Emine yesterday? They were on the beach. Tom was twenty years old last year.
It was our cat two months ago. Sally and Julia weren"t at school on Wednesday.
Aysel/not/be/at school/this morning Aysel wasn’t at school this morning. Sanem and Esra/in July/Marmaris/be Sanem and Esra were in Marmaris in July.
Geçmiş zamanda durum cümlelerinden hariç bir de eylem cümleleri vardır. Bunlar geçmişte yapılan işleri belirtmektedir. Bu cümlelerde kullanılan fiillerin geçmişi bildirebilmeleri için 2. halinde kullanılması gerekmektedir. Fiiller de düzenli (regular) ve düzensiz (irregular) olmak üzere iki türlüdür. Düzenli fiilleri geçmiş hale çevirmek için, filler sondaki hecelerine göre -d, -ed ya da -ied takılarını almaktadır
Positive Sentences (Olumlu Cümle) İngilizce’de iki çeşit fiil vardır. Bunlar; 1-Regular Verbs (Düzenli Fiiller) 2-Irregular Verbs(Düzensiz Fiiller)
1-REGULAR VERBS (Düzenli Fiiller) İngilizce’de Di’li Geçmiş Zamanda düzenli fiiller kullanılarak olumlu cümle oluştururken fiillerin sonuna -dı, -di anlamına gelen –ED takısı eklenir.
2-IRREGULAR VERBS (Düzensiz Fiiller) Düzensiz fiillerde her hangi bir kural olmaksızın II. Halleri kullanılır. Şimdi en çok kullanılan düzensiz fiiller ve II.hallerini görelim.
Nurhak/a candy-floss/an hour ago/buy Nurhak bought a candy-floss an hour ago. Batuhan /his lunch/have/yesterday/at home Batuhan had his lunch at home yesterday.
My parents/in 1990/get married My parents got married in Emre/Egypt/two years ago/visit Emre visited Egypt two years ago.
Emine and Ezgi/at a cafe/ last weekend/meet Emine and Ezgi met a cafe last weekend. Doruk/yesterday/his leg/break Doruk broke his leg yesterday.
Seda and Aysel/Australia/in 2002/go Seda and Aysel went to Australia in Erdem/a cold/ last week/catch Erdem caught a cold last week.
GENERAL EXERCISES Make sentences related with pictures I / get up / the dormitory My mother / iron / the clothes / home We / have / breakfast / a cafe Jack / brush / teeth / the bathroom The rabbit / eat / a carrot / zoo The children / fly / their kites / the grass Sabrina / bake / a birthday cake / the kitchen Betty / use / a computer / play station
Make sentences releated with pictures My grandfather / work / his farm Frank / ride / a motorbike / the street George / read / a history book / his room Jane / water / flowers / the garden Mary / do / the puzzle / school Uncle Sam / milk / the cow / barn The tourists / take / a photograph / Paris The students / get on / the school bus Michael / drive / a Ferrari / F1 Competition A lion / live / wildly / a forest
Make sentences related with the pictures The patient / go / hospital / an ambulance The soldiers in the army / fly / planes / the war Jason / turn on / the lights / the living room The Adams / buy / a big house / England Diana / meet / a handsome boy / the library Ted / play / football / a big team Miss.Kidman / work / a small company/ a secretary Mrs.Johnson / look after / patients / hospital The two friends / like / do / windsurfing /holiday Teresa / listen / the classical music / her room It / snow / winter The engineer / build / a factory / out of the town